David Hekman

Hello! How's it going? 


David Hekman_CV  –  Research

Creative Leadership Incubator website

Stratsim Hall of Fame  Job interview tips and questions  OB PhD Seminar Syllabus

Profitshare, Inc.

About Me:
My research goal is to improve organizational health.  Although there are hundreds of ways to accomplish this goal, my approach is to improve organizational health by examining sources of worker withdrawal, sources of professional workers’ (e.g. doctors, lawyers, and professors) motivation,  sources and outcomes of virtuous leadership, and workplace racial and gender biases.

Improving Organizational Health by Reducing Worker Withdrawal

Improving Organizational Health by Increasing Professional Workers' Motivation

Improving Organizational Health through Virtuous Leadership

Improving Organizational Health by Removing Racial and Gender Biases

o    The Washington Post, June 1, 2009

o    The Chicago Tribune, June 2, 2009

o    The NY Times, June 23, 2009

o    The Boston Globe, July 6, 2009


On a personal note, I love random facts/quotesHere are a few that I find interesting:

"I'm no poet but if you think for yourselves as I proceed, the facts will form a poem in your mind." -Michael Faraday (one of the greatest scientists ever who kept a list of facts that he found personally interesting) 


What happens when a narcissist realizes her target is not as weak as she thinks?

"Nothing is off limits to the narcissist because they value nothing except their supply. Their discard of you is a carefully worked out ratio of how much fuel they can still drain from you and how much of a threat you pose to expose them. That depends on how well you truly know them. They know deep down how much you may or may not have worked out. That depends how much you let on. The discard phase is the time when the narc is least in control of the situation. They cannot be sure of your next move so will generally strike first. They will take no chances. If they start to think you may be smarter than you are letting on then the threats and scare tactics will escalate. They will temporarily lose their mind and make stupid mistakes in an attempt to make you look like the crazy one. They care only for themselves and if you are a threat to that then they will become the most vengeful deceitful duplicitous manipulating vile creature out there and yes, they think that it's an audience for one but people do see it from the outside too. They see the patterns and they have eyes too. The narc thinks that the only person able to see their games is the person at home. Not the case. All narcs carry a deep sense of paranoia and it's not unfounded. The actual levels of paranoia wondering who has spoken to who and who knows what etc is pretty unimaginable. One downfall of a narcissist is that they seek to gain supply for themselves at any cost. It's almost a contradiction in terms as the things they truly seek are the things they drive away from them every single day. Narcissists find it harder to do what they do as they get older too. They can't attract the people they used to and it gets harder to keep starting a new group of friends all the time. Their life is a lie. They stopped developing an evolving sense of love and compassion so long ago that small child inside is buried so deep and in denial it's impossible to challenge decades of crystallized behavior. There is malice in their heart and they will direct it at anyone who threatens to either strip them of their pretense or deny them supply."



Arthur: I’m nothing but the bastard son of a prostitute

Vortigren: You and I have a lot more in common than you think. We don’t just share the same blood, we share the same interests. We both developed a palate for power.

Arthur: I’ve never had any power or any desire to achieve it. Sire, I could simply drift away, never to be seen again.

Vortigren: As much as I’d like to believe you, your character suggests otherwise. While you were asleep, we’ve been busy. I know what kind of a man you are. I know your story and I’ve seen your coffers. And your achievements now stand as your prosecution. What kind of a man would you have become had you inherited your father’s kingdom, and all its advantages, instead of being raised in a brothel? What gave you such drive?


Arthur: So what happens now?

Vortigren: You know what happens now. You’re quickly becoming a legend, so you must die.

Vortigren (on the way to the stage where Vortigren tries to publicly execute Arthur): I will show them power, I will show them strength, I will show them dignity. You will show them weakness, you will show them lies, and you will show them shame. The people may have come here for you but they will leave with a lasting impression of me.


Arthur to Vortigren: You asked me what gave me so much drive. It was you. You created me. You put me in that brothel. You cut me on the streets. I am here now because of you. And I bless you for it. You make sense of the devil.


The online gaming community has a large interest in reducing unethical behavior, such as hacking or cheating to gain an unfair advantage in the game (Alayed, Frangoudes, & Neuman, 2013; Galli, Loiacono, Cardamone, & Lanzi, 2011; Yeung & Lui, 2008).


“People don’t get divorced because they stop loving each other, they get divorced because they stop trusting each other.” - Wayne


“And no matter how many things we throw at you, you keep on being productive! How is that possible?” - Wayne


“She cares more about the hangnail on her finger than she cares about you.” - Wayne


“They hate the fact that they don’t have anything on you.” -Wayne


What do the narcissists want? They want to feel safe. But you are such a huge and perpetual threat to them that they cannot ever feel safe as long as you continue to exist, so to eliminate the threat without the necessity of killing you and everyone else, they tear you down in many different ways. What is the narcissist threatened by? They are threatened by the fact that you retain the ability to freely choose, and that you might someday choose to reject, question or criticize them. Only when your freedom to choose is completely extinguished can they feel safe.



“Once you are Real you can't become unreal again. It lasts for always.”

― Margery Williams, The Velveteen Rabbit


Rabbit: What is REAL? Does it hurt?

Skin Horse: Sometimes, but when you are Real you don't mind being hurt.

Rabbit: Does it happen all at once, like being wound up, or bit by bit?

Skin Horse: It doesn't happen all at once. You become. It takes a long time. That's why it doesn't happen often to people who break easily, or have sharp edges, or who have to be carefully kept. Generally, by the time you are Real, most of your hair has been loved off, and your eyes drop out and you get loose in the joints and very shabby. But these things don't matter at all, because once you are Real you can't be ugly, except to people who don't understand.

― Margery Williams, The Velveteen Rabbit



"The battle for life and death continues. You will die and  I will live." Nasus


"Mankind's corruption spreads no further." -Nasus


"Blood is like the wind -- always by my side." -Yasuo


"We may never see each other again. If all goes according to plan." -Ornn


"Even a small minority of selfish players can trigger the unraveling of cooperation, and yet a small  minority of fair-minded players can force a big majority of selfish players to cooperate fully (Fehr & Schmidt, 1999: 856)."


Booz Allen does mostly government consulting


Two of the three legs of the nuclear triad are maintained by the USAF


If you add up all the planes run by American, Delta, Southwest and United and multiply them by two, that would be the size of the USAF. Every two minutes a USAF plane takes off.


"Always be a day 1 company. Always planting saplings." -Jeff Bezos


"One-third of USAF service members haven't had a conversation with a civilian in over a month. There are 3300 squadrons in the USAF."-Some four-star Air Force general


"There have been 22 civilizations since the dawn of time that have died because they didn't adapt. We are the 23rd, so what will we do?" -Some four-star Air Force general


"Look to the young for clever ideas, but 99 out of 100 will end up killing you. So choose the one that will change the game and throw out the other 99." -Some African chief to some Air Force general when he was in Africa as a kid.


"The CEO will not save you with his brilliant ideas" -Some four-star Air Force general


"People want to use their brains, and they quit because they aren't allowed to."  -Some four-star Air Force general


"the middle layer of companies is a bunch of people leading people who don't like people." - Some state government boss


"The Air Force is viewed to be the smartest people in the military. That's why the navy doesn't pick on the Air Force, they pick on the Army." - Some Navy four-star general


"We don't have the ability to clean out the top, to create an updraft in our ranks like the military does. The military HR systems are way more advanced than Walmarts. In the corporate world, people have to do their very best and hope they get noticed. Walmart has 300-400 employees per store." -James Cameron, head of HR of Walmart


"We have to eat ourselves while being ourselves.Which is an incredibly difficult challenge. It's like changing out the engine on your car while driving 100 mph down the highway. There is enormous uncertainty among leaders of corporations. Our hierarchy is based on the wrong things. We created antibodies that got rid of change. We have done 53 years of doing the same thing ruthlessly. Now we need to change. Leaders have a lot of authority but don't understand the realities of the new online world. How do we repeat our hierarchy but flip it? This makes all the executives paranoid and worried about losing their jobs, and they all go out an buy apple watches to prove that they are high-tech. Leadership is about managing ego and willingness to be vulnerable but we've got heroic leadership. We need more feminine and vulnerable leadership. Our life is running a half-trillion dollar company and change and renew ourselves at the same time.Countries don't win wars, coalitions win wars. Otherwise Ali Baba will eat all our lunch. Wisdom is data." -James Cameron, head of HR of Walmart


There is an "I have a dream" exhibit in Amsterdam featuring Gandhi, MLK and Mandela.


"We promote the wrong people ALL the time. That is what matters the most." -James Cameron, head of HR of Walmart


"At the base of culture is a fundamental belief. If people don't believe that being humble and vulnerable and open to change makes them smarter and better at flying an airplane and selling more and being better at operations, then they will never be humble. " -Prof. Sigal Barsade


"But the truth is that positive emotions don't just make you better at creative tasks, they make you better at math. Like actual math."  -Prof. Sigal Barsade


"If I just change the term "I command you to..." to "I empower you to..." then that's not real change or empowerment. But that's what most companies do." -Prof. Alan Barstow


"There are three types of leaders. People who are idea leaders sit in the middle, people who are people leaders sit in the back, and people who are system leaders sit in the middle. We need all types of leaders." -some NYU professor


"USAF promotional videos are all about us schwacking bad guys. And the Air Force viewed ICBMs as a separate system. There was no incentive for anyone with talent to be a 13-N, launch control officer." -Some four-star USAF general


"At some point you can't fire your way to more success, and you have to be the move ahead guy." -Some four-star USAF general


"You want to keep people in the zone of productive disequilibrium." -Some four-star USAF general


"Everyone wants to see someone who looks like them at the top." -Some four-star USAF general


"If people own the problem, they fix the problem." -Some four-star USAF general


"Trust your people to do the right thing when you absolutely know they are gonna do the wrong thing." -Some four-star USAF general


"The best workers are the ones who do the job every single day. We just need to reward what we value." -Some four-star USAF general


"The first people to watch the media stories about your company are your employees. You gotta get some quick singles and doubles." -Some four-star USAF general


"Emotional intelligence nirvana is emotional regulation both internally and externally. Self-reported emotional intelligence is emotional self-efficacy which is agreeing to statements like 'people tell me I'm good at emotions.' But really you need at least six people to get a decent 360 degree read on other people's emotional intelligence. And I'm trying to create a new scale. Emotions are signal, not noise. EQ and IQ are positively correlated. Don't leave your emotions in the parking lot, leave your drama there." -Prof. Sigal Barsade


"Suppressing your emotions makes the experience more intense for your relational partner according to Tanya Singer at the Max Planck institute." -Shonna Waters


"Why do you call everyone in the Air Force an 'Airman'? I mean less than five percent of your 800k employees are actually men who fly. If the biggest problem you had was with the trucks that carry ICBMs around, and most of the people working with ICBMs are women on the ground, why not call everyone in the Air Force a ground woman? Or if you want everyone to aspire to by a male pilot why not call everybody a sky penis? I mean that sounds cooler than Airman to me. You could be like "Hey look at that awesome sky penis! She's so amazing!"" -me to a room full of four-star Air Force generals and the Secretary of the entire Air Force


One-third of employers would not believe the information on a sick note from an employee with a mental health problem (Manning and White, 1995) and, compared to those with “physical” disorders, employees returning from a period of “psychiatric” sick leave are likely to be more closely questioned, to be demoted or to be placed under greater supervision. A number have been dismissed (Michalak et al., 2007) and in one study 6.3% of workers with a serious mental illness reported that they had been fired, laid off or told to resign (Baldwin and Marcus, 2006). Understandably, people with mental health problems may be concerned about how taking of sick leave will be viewed and as a result remain in work and sometimes become more ill.



Want people to think you are inspiring? Then be centered.  This is a state of mindfulness that enables leaders to remain calm under stress, empathize, listen deeply, and remain present



Narrow-faced men are viewed as having more integrity than wide-faced men. "The facial-width-to-height ratio has powerful links to aggression (Haselhuhn, Ormiston, & Wong, 2015), psychopathy (Anderl et al., 2016), relationship dynamics (Stirrat & Perrett, 2010; Valentine et al., 2014), and even firm outcomes including firm financial performance (Wong, Ormiston, & Haselhuhn, 2011) and insider trading and option backdating (Jia, Van Lent, & Zeng, 2014) (but see also Geniole, Denson, Dixson, Carré, & McCormick, 2015). Previous work in this area has delved into a potential underlying mechanism, perceived trustworthiness, finding that men with wider faces are perceived as less trustworthy than are men with narrower faces (Geniole et al., 2014; Kleisner et al., 2013; Stirrat & Perrett, 2010). "



“Sylvie is the saddest and scaredest cat we ever seen” -esme


“Of course you’re not in love with her. You’re not in love with her or me or anyone. It’s just you and that show.” -Mrs Barnum to PT Barnum


Reporter: Did you have a good relationship with your parents?

Churchill: Shall we just say my mother was a glamorous woman and was perhaps too well loved. My father was like God— busy elsewhere.


“Mommy said she would sit by me all night when I was sleeping when I was sleeping in the couch but when I woke up she was gone. And I couldn’t sleep with mommy. I wish Jeff didn’t come after all. ” -Esme


“Max and mommy spent the night together at a hotel back in September or October. Max didn’t want Jeff to come on the ski trip.” -Esme


 “Never stop worlding. That means getting worlds. And stuff.” -Esme


 “Nothing draws a crowd like a crowd.” -PT Barnum in the greatest showman


Each type of diversity leads to a new battleground to fight over (which team will win on language, education, sexual power, racial norms) or a new opportunity to learn a better way of operating.


“The real you beneath the protective exterior and seemingly emotionless self. “.  -kf


“Reality TV and presidential politics have merged so they are the same thing now” - Andy Cohen and Anderson Cooper


“Don’t be ridiculous!” -rarity

“But I’m so good at it!” -Pinkie pie


“Trace mcsorley has that riverboat gambler mentality. Short memory and we gonna get the next one mentality, and everyone rallies behind him. ” - announcer for washington pennstate game 2017


“Yes 10\10 so good it’s a back slash” -jude


“Strut it baby, omg accept a compliment!”- max


Is religion really just about controlling other people’s sexuality? Like what’s with the multiple wives for every cult leader?


"And still deeper the meaning of that story of Narcissus, who because he could not grasp the tormenting, mild image he saw in the fountain, plunged into it and was drowned. But that same image, we ourselves see in all rivers and oceans. It is the image of the ungraspable phantom of life; and this is the key to it all." -Ishmael in Moby Dick


"The novel of Moby Dick is a story of surreal and metaphysical uncertainty. In its evocation of mysterious waters, it suggests that our lives float helplessly on the tempestuous surface of the world like whaling boats adrift on the dazzling sea."  From "the sea of life" by Jens Hoffmann


"Is it better to dive deep into the beauty and the horrors, or to ride the waves and be seduced by surface reflections? The world Melville describes is full of challenges to the mind and soul, thousands of miles away from any stable or firm ground where we might feel confident about who and what we are. Out on the ocean, certainties fade and vanish, just as Ahab's quest falls apart and drops into the chasm of the violent and unforgiving sea." From "the sea of life" by Jens Hoffmann


This summary of Moby Dick sounds like what happens when people get into academia. "Of central importance is the figure of the whaler, the sailor, the man at sea. He escapes the confines of society on land, only to be dwarfed by the limitlessness of the ocean and put to the test by a seemingly untamable force - the beast, the leviathan, the enemy of social order...The sailor is both hero and villain, predator and prey, with a rough appearance and a susceptible soul, seeking escape only to find himself in another highly fraught situation." From "the sea of life" by Jens Hoffmann


"Who is this grand, ungodly, god-like man?" who attracts and repulses us simultaneously? Melville describes Ahab as "a man of greatly superior natural force" demonic and divine, a Nietzschean Ubermensch whose craving for self-affirmation ironically leads to total loss of self, who in his quest, his tragedy, annihilates not only himself but almost everything around him. Ahab wants to inhale the world, and by exhaling it create it anew. Ahab knows there is a demon locked inside him. It is a force that he admires and obeys, that simultaneously possesses and destroys him. His missing leg symbolizes his reduced humanity; it is a symbol of his enormous anguish and fury, the blind uncontrollable rage that fuels everything he does. The deadly maelstrom at the end of the book that carries him and his gladiators down to the depths of the ocean is also Ahab's mental breakdown; he has been driven to the end of reason.  That Ahab found himself deriving a kind of joy from such a deep hate certainly caused him even greater suffering." From "the sea of life" by Jens Hoffmann


"Moby Dick is ubiquitous, supernatural, and immortal: "Though groves of spears should be planted in his flanks, he would still swim away unharmed." His whiteness, which Melville describes again and again, helps us to get closer to an understanding of his character. White is the symbol of innocence, purity, beauty, and the sublime. But it can also evoke deep terror; it is cold and austere, the color of the desert, the color of ice, the color of oblivion."  From "the sea of life" by Jens Hoffmann


"Gould (1987) builds a strong case that biology sets constraints that vary in nature, degree, and strength in different activity domains, but in most spheres of human functioning biology permits a broad range of cultural possibilities. He argues cogently that evidence favors a potentialist view over a determinist view. In this insightful analysis, the major explanatory battle is not between nature and nurture as commonly framed, but whether nature operates as a determinist or as a potentialist...In Gould’s view (1987), biology has culture on a “loose leash,” whereas Wilson argues that, biology has culture on a “tight leash.”"



Holy shit! This shark lives a mile underwater and hasn't evolved in 80 million years!!



"Stop a minute, right where you are. Relax your shoulders, shake your head and spine like a dog shaking off cold water. Tell that imperious voice in your head to be still." -Barbara Kingsolver


"In Afghanistan we have this idea that when you got to someone's house and taste their salt and water, you can never betray them. Now that I have tasted the water and salt of Boulder, it means I am a true Buff, and for the rest of my life I will do what these donors are doing for me now." Leeds undergrad and my student Mostafa Mobarez


KKK burn crosses because they were trying to intimidate Catholics



The civil rights movement triggered the KKK to include Irish and Catholics and focus exclusively on African Americans



Racism trumps sexism. 53% of white women voted for Trump.



Just 2 percent of the world’s population and 5 percent of white people in the U.S. have blond hair, but 35 percent of female U.S. senators and 48 percent of female CEOs at S&P 500 companies are blond. Female university presidents are more likely to be blond, too.



"Women say that blondness isn't linked to racism, but they also say that they dye their hair blond because it looks better with their skin. And blondness is associated with the ultimate whiteness. The pristine, pure whiteness. My friend who is blond is an expensive woman because she spends a lot on her appearance. We shouldn't say white privilege because people tend to think white privilege is an aspirational goal to be attained. We should say internalized dominance instead." -Prof. Claudia Rankine


"Thomas Jefferson wrote that maintaining slavery was like holding “a wolf by the ear, and we can neither hold him, nor safely let him go.”17 He thought that his cherished federal union, the world’s first democratic experiment, would be destroyed by slavery.  To emancipate slaves on American soil, Jefferson thought, would result in a large-scale race war that would be as brutal and deadly as the slave revolt in Haiti in 1791."



Thomas Jefferson said he couldn't afford to free his slaves because they were collateral against his many debts. But a Frenchman offered to pay off Jefferson's debts, and Jefferson still refused.



"Discrimination is the new entitlement." Prof. Claudia Rankine


"As much as I flinch when I say that the election of Donald Trump is an opportunity. It is. And so will be the next one." Prof. Claudia Rankine


"You know you are in a white space if as soon as a person of color walks in, everyone turns and looks." Prof. Claudia Rankine


White men have the highest suicide rate, followed by Latino men and then black men. And white male suicide rate is increasing.



White men are 31% of the population and hold 65% of elected offices



"White men designed this system so of course it benefits white men the most." Prof. Claudia Rankine


"One important way white men can help is to take over the work of keeping all these spaces safe." Prof. Claudia Rankine


Sarah Ahmed has a great book on the phenomenology of whiteness



"The assumption is that whiteness is safe. And so people of color feel hyphenated when they have to negotiate a white space." Prof. Claudia Rankine


More than half of whites feel discriminated against based on race



"This race conversation is about practice, not perfection." -Prof. Claudia Rankine


A woman who accidentally got a black man's sperm from a sperm bank sued the sperm bank because her bi-racial daughter prevented her from fully accessing white spaces



Denver's mayor Stapelton was an active KKK member in 1920s



"After a defeat I told one of my students 'I know you're frustrated but who says it's over?'" Prof. Claudia Rankine


"If the goal is to be comfortable then we aren't going to have the conversation that we need to have about race." Prof. Claudia Rankine


"I want you to understand that this [race] shit is killing you too even if it's killing you ever so much more softly, you stupid motherfucker." Prof. Claudia Rankine


"The accumulation of microaggressions and gaslighting and denial of your reality makes you lose the ability to see these as accidental and to question your ability to read any situation." Prof. Claudia Rankine


"The role of white people in this conversation is to understand how we got here. Bad things that come at me are not about me. Good things that come at you are not about you. It's a dynamic. And it's historical, and it's not even past." Prof. Claudia Rankine


Types of exclusionary policies



Gated communities


Christian schools


Mass incarceration where black people get felon status which prevents employment and voting



First all-female team of professional League of Legends players disbanded after living together for less than a month because of internal drama. Winning is about skills, not gender.



Youtubers do a lot of win-trading because the you-tubers want to stay in the "promos to challenger" level which gets the most views. So as soon as they get one game away from challenger, they agree to lose to another youtuber so that they all stay "right on the cusp" of becoming great.



"Denver is a city that is really on the map in so many ways. But the good part of it is that it is also still kind of a cow town in so many ways to in the sense that very powerful people are really accessible." -Kalyani Fernando


60 of the wealthiest Americans in 1920s were systematically married and then murdered by their spouses in a small town in Oklahoma in order to take the deceased's vast wealth



“The genius of the current caste system, and what most distinguishes it from its predecessors, is that it appears voluntary." -Michele Alexander in the new jim crow



"The richer we have become materially, the poorer we become morally and spiritually," he said. "We have learned to fly in the air like birds and swim in the sea like fish, but we have not learned the simple art of living together as brothers."-MLK



"Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere. We are caught in an inescapable network of mutuality, tied in a single garment of destiny. Whatever affects one directly, affects all indirectly." -MLK



Arabs and Asians were banned from emigrating  to the USA



Today about 48% of married couples in the US, for example, are dual income, compared with 25% in 1960.



In his latest book, Malcom Gladwell argues that among people with similar SAT scores those who attend a lower ranked school do better in life.



"You have the jankiest standing desk I've ever seen" Prof Nick Reinholtz


8 of the top 20 paid CU employees are in the Leeds School of Business



Maurice Maeterlinck, “At every crossway on the road that leads to the future, each progressive spirit is opposed by a thousand men appointed to guard the past.”[1]



"This tenure case was a nightmare. A horror show." Prof. David Balkin about a colleague’s tenure case


"With further development of biotechnology, we face the prospect that more direct social construction of human nature through genetic design of human beings for desired properties will increasingly command our attention and ethical concerns"



Conflict tips

Frame it as a debate, rather than a conflict

Argue as if you’re right but listen as if you’re wrong

Make the most respectful interpretation of the other person’s perspective

Acknowledge where you agree with your critics and what you’ve learned from them



"I love your wabi sabi office. It communicates that the only thing you care about is academics." -Prof. Kai Larsen



"It's both neuroscience and culture that drives our behavior. The older and more primitive and unconscious parts of behavior are driven mostly by brain hardwiring and DNA. The newer and more sophisticated and conscious parts of behavior are more driven by environment and upbringing and things like childhood trauma." - Vic Marsh (discussing Robert Sapolsky’s Behave)


"Wright, Cropanzano, Bonnett, and Diamond (2009 found that workers who had higher well-being tended to have lower pulse pressure than did their lower well-being counterparts. Perrewé and colleagues (2004) concluded that political skill could help workers maintain good cardiovascular health even when their environment was characterized by role conflict. Similarly, Wagner, Feldman, and Hussy (2003) found that employees had higher blood pressure when they worked with a troublesome supervisor and lower blood pressure when they worked with a more supportive supervisor."



"Hill and Buss (2008) have provided an evolutionary account of how envy evolved, and Smith, Combs, and Smith (2008) present evidence suggesting that jealousy can engender cardiovascular disease. Neuroscience research can take our knowledge a step further. In this regard, Joseph, Powell, Johnson, and Kedia (2008) describe envy’s neuroanatomy. They found that envy involves a distinct neural network including the striatum, the amygdala, the anterior cingulate, and the insula. This suggests that envy is an automatic and not a deliberative response."

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/228196465_Organizational_Neuroscience_Taking_Organizational_Theory_Inside_the_Neural_Black_Box [accessed Oct 19 2017].


"However, we need to keep in mind the characteristics of neural networks described above: interconnectivity, bidirectionality, and competition."

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/228196465_Organizational_Neuroscience_Taking_Organizational_Theory_Inside_the_Neural_Black_Box [accessed Oct 19 2017].


According to Pinker (2002), hierarchical reductionism “consists not of replacing one field of knowledge with another but of connecting or unifying them” (p. 70, italics original). Hierarchical reductionism is a proper goal of science since an explanation at one level of abstraction will inevitably lead to questions that are better answered at other levels. Hierarchical reductionism ultimately seeks consilience, or the unity of scientific knowledge (E. O. Wilson, 1998).

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/228196465_Organizational_Neuroscience_Taking_Organizational_Theory_Inside_the_Neural_Black_Box [accessed Oct 19 2017].


Here is the link to the Leeds student development survey: https://cuboulder.qualtrics.com/jfe/form/SV_b9FuI0B1gqBZYB7


"So — awakened by Jerry Colonna and inspired by Valarie Kaur — I’m practicing a daily two-part gut-check:

1. Where am I today with my “white is normal” delusion?

2. Today am I willing to risk that warrior-saint love that, as Valarie says, “has the power to transform our interior life, our relationships, and social conditions”?



"When I find myself once again “biting the hook of anger and fear,” and have the guts to ask myself why, I come up with only one honest answer: being hooked drains me of morale, energy, and courage, thus sparing me the challenge of committing acts of revolutionary love."



Whereas Andrew Juniper notes that "[i]f an object or expression can bring about, within us, a sense of serene melancholy and a spiritual longing, then that object could be said to be wabi-sabi."[4] For Richard Powell, "[w]abi-sabi nurtures all that is authentic by acknowledging three simple realities: nothing lasts, nothing is finished, and nothing is perfect."



Leedswebsite@colorado.edu – Please direct all website content edits to this email address

Leedsnews@colorado.edu – This account manages internal and external communications for all the news happening at Leeds.

LeedsMarketingTeam@colorado.edu – All requests for marketing materials, event marketing, campaigns, and initiatives should be sent to this centralized account.


Gandalf: I am looking for someone to share in an adventure that I am arranging, and it’s very difficult to find anyone.

Bilbo: I should think so—in these parts! We are plain quiet folk and have no use for adventures. Nasty disturbing uncomfortable things! Make you late for dinner! I can’t think what anybody sees in them …

Gandalf:  You’ll have a tale or two to tell when you come back

Bilbo:  You can promise that I’ll come back?”

Gandalf:  No. And if you do, you will not be the same


“Home is now behind you, the world is ahead!” – Gandalf


“The world is not in your books and maps, it’s out there” – Gandalf


“It’s a dangerous business, walking out one’s front door” – Gandalf


“It does not do to leave a live dragon out of your calculations, if you live near him” – Gandalf


“Surely you don’t disbelieve the prophecies just because you helped them come about. You don’t really suppose do you that all your adventures and escapes were managed by mere luck? Just for your sole benefit? You’re a very fine person, Mr. Baggins, and I’m quite fond of you. But you are really just a little fellow, in a wide world after all” – Gandalf


"Perfection is achieved, not when there is nothing left to add, but when there is nothing left to remove." -Antoine de Saint-Exupery


"The prostitutes worked for a pimp now. He was splendid and cruel. He was a god to them. He took their free will away from them, which was perfectly all right. They didn't want it anyway. It was as though they had surrendered themselves to Jesus, for instance, so they could live unselfishly and trustingly-except that they had surrendered to a pimp instead." -Kurt Vonnegut


Is traditional marriage simply high-end, monopolistic, long-term prostitution?



At least 3,959 black individuals were lynched in the USA



The American Psychological Association estimates that worker stress costs businesses about $300 billion a year.


“Narcissistic CEOs address two powerful and conflicting needs: the need for acclaim and the need to dominate others. We argue that narcissistic CEOs address their need for acclaim by pursuing celebrity in the media and affiliating with high-status board members, and they address their need to dominate others by employing lower-status, younger, and less experienced top management team members who will be more deferential to and dependent on them.”


"The two great fears that humans all have to various degrees, the fear of abandonment and the fear of entrapment. " -Jose Stevens



And "Anything not aligned with Spirit will be toast before long.  Oops! The toast is burning." -Jose Stevens



Data visualization of CU Majors - engineering doubled over the last 10 years, CMCI tripled in the last three. Business has held steady.



For African entrepreneurs, profits spiked 11% after business skills training but 30% after training in grit and initiative training.



apartners. "I’ve never understood why living separately is a big deal. I want the same love and commitment as anyone else; but why do I have to live in the same place to achieve it?"



"a woman’s desire begins to decline steadily after the first year, and continues to do so as the relationship progresses. The exception? Women who don’t live with their partners: they retain desire much longer and more intensely than those who cohabit."



“Although having an independent personality predicts lower relationship quality on average, that’s not the case when people live apart,” Finkel writes. “And although spending more time with one’s partner is linked to greater relationship satisfaction among independent people who live apart, it is linked to lower relationship satisfaction among independent people who live together.”



Previous research suggests that MTurk participants provide superior quality data compared to other data collection methods (Buhrmester, Kwang, & Gosling, 2011; Cheung, Burns, Sinclair, & Sliter, 2017; Hossain & Kauranen, 2015; Mason & Suri, 2012; Paolacci & Chandler, 2014). In addition, empirical evidence shows that experimental findings are replicated in samples obtained from MTurk (Goodman, Cryder, & Cheema, 2013).


Dang dude! Multidisciplinary research is the future. Not just a re-drawing of borders of knowledge, but a fundamental changing in the way we think about how we think!



Write-up of my research by Francesca Gino (HBS faculty)



Forget getting rich - sex and sleep are the real keys to happiness



A higher percentage of Black women (9.7%) are enrolled in college than any other group - topping Asian women (8.7%), white women (7.1%) and white men (6.1%). Research also shows women of color are more ambitious. In a survey by LeanIn.org and McKinsey & Co. 48% of women of color said they aspired to be a top executive, compared with 37% of white women. According to a 2016 State of Women-Owned Businesses Reportcommissioned by American Express Open, Black women are the fastest growing group of entrepreneurs in the U.S. Over the past nine years, the number of firms owned by women of color more than doubled, increasing by 126% generating $344 billion in annual revenue. Nearly five million businesses are owned by women of color making up almost half of all women-owned firm and employing two million workers



"I have almost reached the regrettable conclusion that the Negro’s great stumbling block in the stride toward freedom is not the White Citizens Councilor or the Ku Klux Klanner but the white moderate who is more devoted to order than to justice; who prefers a negative peace which is the absence of tension to a positive peace which is the presence of justice; who constantly says, “I agree with you in the goal you seek, but I can’t agree with your methods of direct action.”" -Rev. Dr. MLK Jr.


MLK was unpopular and most didn't want him to do his "I have a dream" speech!!

"National polling from the 1960s shows that even during that celebrated “golden age” of nonviolent protest, most Americans were against marches and demonstrations. A 1961 Gallup poll revealed that 57 percent of the public thought that lunch counter sit-ins and other demonstrations would hurt integration efforts. A 1963 poll showed that 60 percent had an unfavorable feeling toward the planned March on Washington, where Dr. King gave his “I Have a Dream” speech. A year later, 74 percent said that since black people had made some progress, they should stop their demonstrations; and by 1969, 74 percent said that marching, picketing and demonstrations were hurting the civil rights cause. As for Dr. King personally, the figure who current moderates most readily point to as a model, 50 percent of people polled in 1966 thought that he was hurting the civil rights movement; only 36 percent believed he was helping."


Girl Pulls Sword From Legendary Lake Of King Arthur’s Excalibur. Long live, Queen Matilda!



"Both individualism and collectivism have sub-groups that differ based on emphases on equality versus hierarchy (Triandis & Gelfand, 1998), so paradoxically, one could be a hierarchical collectivist or an equality-focused collectivist.". -Vic Marsh


Female Entrepreneurs Dodge Sexism With Fake Male Co-Founder



Click on Groups in D2L, then click the Categories drop-down menu and select zDS-Students.  There you’ll see three groups, each representing the respective amount of time that group is allowed.  Just click the arrow next to zDS-Students and select Enroll Users.  Then put the DS students into the appropriate group and Save.  Most DS students have been in the 1.5x category, but every now and then you’ll get a 2x, and more rarely, you’ll get someone who doesn’t need any extra time (1x), but might need something else in class (like a note taker).


IDEA: Economics is about economizing and minimizing costs. Relationships are about maximizing growth and revenue and potential.  Love and giving is a more powerful relational technology than fear and simply seeking to minimize others' opportunism.


Jane Addams heavily influenced the NAACP in a key leadership role despite being white, and many reacted negatively toward her because of what they felt was the implicit racism in some of her public comments (Linn & Scott, 1935).


People are rattled and bewildered by people who appear to be acting on behalf of those with whom they have no obvious affiliation (Ratner & Miller, 2001).


Acting as an arbiter of moral decency is one of the most cost-effective ways people can improve their reputation (Jordan Hoffman, Bloom & Rand, 2016).


To prove one's integrity, admit to past discriminatory actions while contending that I have undergone a "fresh start" (Dai, Milkman & Riis, 2014) - a discontinuous shift between old and new selves.  Also take on roles "out of the spotlight."  And give money anonymously like Dwyer (2017) documents about a billionaire. And extol the virtues of not my subgroup identity, but the sanctity of a universal identity (Singer, 1981).


People believe that I can only help minorities if I am intimately aware of the challenges minorities face, but I can help even if I lack relevant knowledge about specific struggles because I can influence powerful people to change (Pinker, 2008; Peiro & Melia, 2003; Mayer et al 1995).


Most large-scale change occurs as a result of a large group of individuals relying on social proof (Heath & Heath, 2010) - looking to the behavior of their affilates to determine how to act.  Most discrimination results from ingroup favoritism (affiliating with people like themselves) rather than outgroup derogation (discriminating against those unlike themselves) (Brewer 2007).


If you feel bombarded with bad news, check out @goodnewsnetwork for a healthy reminder of all the good out there.

https://t.co/QWexRJTq6c https://t.co/pu5VSb5r54


Invest in china?



Good Bones


Life is short, though I keep this from my children.

Life is short, and I’ve shortened mine

in a thousand delicious, ill-advised ways,

a thousand deliciously ill-advised ways

I’ll keep from my children. The world is at least

fifty percent terrible, and that’s a conservative

estimate, though I keep this from my children.

For every bird there is a stone thrown at a bird.

For every loved child, a child broken, bagged,

sunk in a lake. Life is short and the world

is at least half terrible, and for every kind

stranger, there is one who would break you,

though I keep this from my children. I am trying

to sell them the world. Any decent realtor,

walking you through a real shithole, chirps on

about good bones: This place could be beautiful,

right? You could make this place beautiful.


Being central in a network has advantages. But who is central? New research reveals: positive and empathic people.

https://t.co/mc3PxKOlAk https://t.co/7WZ2Mz3ybM


"Semper Gumby!" - Vic Marsh's boss at the state department telling him to always be flexible, lol


This describes every marriage I've ever seen -- "Social exchange theory has featured the "principle of least interest" (Waller & Hill, 1938/ 1951). According to that principle, a party gains power by virtue of wanting a connection less than the other wants it. For example, Waller and Hill proposed that the person who is less in love has more power to shape and influence the relationship, because the one who is more in love will be more willing to make compromises and offer other inducements to keep the relationship going."



Also Eskimo brothers "Flynn (1976) reported that in some Eskimo groups, when a husband has a male guest stay at his home, the husband may invite the guest to have sexual intercourse with his (the host's) wife. A refusal of this invitation constitutes a severe insult to the host couple, because it suggests that the woman was not of high enough quality to appeal to the guest."



And gang practices! "In the modern United States, some youth gangs have become integrated by gender (though most gangs are same-gender). One custom of many such gangs is that new members are initiated by being beaten up by the members of the gang. Female initiates, however, are sometimes offered the option of being "sexed in" having sex with everyone in the gang (or all who wish to participate) as a substitute for the group beating (Miller, 1998)."



Idea: Sex is a female resource, love is a male resource and voluntary mutual generosity is a relational resource.



"Evidence on discussions of men and women's genitals also supports the sex exchange idea, with men's genitals being more openly (and less euphemistically) discussed than women's (Braun & Kitzinger, 2001). Women's vaginas, it seems, are especially taboo, with one study of women and their gynecologists demonstrating that the word vagina (or its synonyms) is hardly used even during medical visits (Weijts, Houtkoop, & Mullen, 1993). Ussher (1989) and other researchers (e.g., Braun & Kitzinger, 2001) noted that the euphemisms used to describe women's genitalia do so in such a way as to communicate the value of women's body parts as sexual objects from the perspective of a heterosexual male."



Also race differences "Wilson (2001) remarked on one curious difference between communities in the American west during the 1 800s, both of which had severe shortages of women. The White American community put women on a pedestal, to the extent that ranch hands would maintain a respectful silence in the presence of a married woman. Women in this community were able to obtain respect, commitment, and access to a high standard of living (via marriage) in exchange for sex. In contrast, the Chinese laborers in the American west put nearly all the women who immigrated with them into work as prostitutes. According to Wilson, the crucial difference was that the Chinese community was rigidly dominated by all-male secret societies who were able to dictate the fate of the individual woman. From the perspective of economic analysis, the difference can be explained as that between a free and an unfree market. In the White community's unregulated sexual marketplace, women could obtain the advantages of their own scarcity, but in the centralized command economy of the Chinese immigrants, women were prevented from doing so."



"Behavioral confirmation of this difference was provided by Clark and Hatfield (1989). In this widely cited pair of studies, confederates approached attractive members of the opposite sex on a college campus with one of several offers, the most relevant of which consisted of an invitation to have sexual intercourse that same evening. Three fourths of the male participants assented to that request, whereas not a single female participant did."



"Divide and conquer, in our world, must become define and empower." -Audre Lorde in "The Master's Tools Will Never Dismantle the Master's House."


"Don't break the chain" - Jerry Seinfeld who wrote an "X" on the calendar each day that he wrote and did something creative and wanted a long chain of X's.


Historically, Americans have been opposed to each major wave of immigration while it is happening. Later, though, we look back on the newcomers as having contributed greatly to our nation.



A thriving black economy in Tulsa OK was destroyed and burned by jealous whites in 1921



Just looking at the confederate flag makes whites judge African Americans more harshly



The Indian Health Service in the 1960s and 1970s is thought to have FORCE STERILIZED on one out of every four Native American women at the time, against their knowledge or consent.



BCG study, diversity leads to innovation: Management diversity seems to have a particularly positive effect on innovation at complex companies—those that have multiple product lines or that operate in multiple industry segments. Diversity’s impact also increases with company size



Elie Wiesel: "We must always take sides. Neutrality helps the oppressor, never the victim. Silence encourages the tormentor, never the tormented."


when there was a big, “bet the company” civil case, few clients were prepared to put their business’s fate in the hands of a woman.



Lorde adds, "We can sit in our corners mute forever while our sisters and ourselves are wasted, while our children are distorted and destroyed, while our earth is poisoned; we can sit in our safe corners mute as bottles, and we will still be no less afraid."


Black people aren’t keeping white Americans out of college. Rich people are. ""What is essential to understand is that it’s not a vast crowd of black or brown people keeping white Americans out of the colleges of their choice, especially not the working-class white Americans among whom Trump finds his base of support. In fact, income tips the scale much more than race: At 38 top colleges in the United States, more students come from the top 1 percent of income earners than from the bottom 60 percent. Really leveling the admissions playing field, assuming the Trump administration actually cares about doing so, would involve much broader efforts to redistribute wealth and power. A focus on fringe campaigns against affirmative action suggests it does not."



"I think of mindfulness meditation as almost a rebellion against natural selection," science journalist and author Robert Wright says. "Natural selection is the process that created us. It gave us our values. It sets our agenda, and Buddhism says, 'We don't have to play this game.' "



If Australian boards overpay CEOs, the shareholders can vote to kick off all the board members! Growing inequality has contributed to the decline in several social phenomena, including mental health, and has been cited as a threat to democracy itself.



"saying cancer is a problem does not mean we should spend billions on leeches as a hoped-for cure for cancer. " - Prof John Lynch



Performance based pay for executives is a "failed experiment"



"Your thoughts are like house guests — you can make room for them, but don’t let them run the show" -Rumi



Sperm counts cut in half over the last 40 years



A high school teacher eliminates grades for 6 weeks. What happened? "Engagement, enthusiasm, motivation, and determination drastically increased."



A Lean In/McKinsey & Company survey in 2016 of 132 companies and 34,000 employees found that women who negotiated for promotions were 30 percent more likely than men to be labeled intimidating, bossy or aggressive.



The widespread concern in business circles about the slow progress of women to the top has spawned a virtual cottage industry of recent initiatives, from Paradigm for Parity, of which Ms. Kullman is a co-chairwoman, to 100x25, a Rockefeller Foundation initiative aiming for 100 female chief executives in the Fortune 500 by 2025. That number now stands at 32 — an all-time high and spurt from last year, when there were 21.



Research has found evidence supporting the effectiveness of several strategies that can be implemented to reduce bias. For example, practicing mindfulness, or the process of focusing on the present and observing one’s thoughts as events outside of the self, may help to reduce subtle bias. Another promising strategy is the use of empathy-related techniques like perspective taking, which prompts people to consider the experiences of individuals who are different from themselves. Similarly, adopting an identity-conscious perspective (e.g., accepting and considering different identities) rather than an identity-blind mindset (ignoring or denying stigmatized attributes such as race and gender) can reduce bias. Finally, deliberately setting pro-diversity goals has been found to enhance diversity-related attitudes and behaviors.



Awful: on Google, searches for racist jokes are as common as searches for the Lakers, migraines, and the Daily Show. They suggest the racist divide isn't just north-south, but east-west: https://lnkd.in/drwg3jq


Edwards and Cable’s (2009) approach is to construct a block

variable that combines the five polynomial terms together based on their respective weights in the cross-level polynomial regression model



Professional tag? Of course that's a thing



Humor in the workplace should never make fun of others, only yourself



6 Qualities of Extremely Likable People, According to Science . Are you interested in others? This would be a good start.



Top 25 companies for diverse women -



"We need to figure out what the antibodies are for when a small number employee take advantage of the freedom gained from being in a no-manager organization, or else it will demoralize the other employees." Tony Hsieh



"Then we reestimated the cross-level polynomial regression and employed Tofighi and MacKinnon’s (2011) RMediation procedures for indirect effect testing."

Tofighi D, MacKinnon DP. (2011). RMediation: An r package for mediation analysis confidence intervals. Behavior Research Methods, 43, 692–700.


Power Causes Brain Damage: How leaders lose mental capacities—most notably for reading other people—that were essential to their rise



"CAA’s revenue from multicultural clients increased 14% from 2015 to 2016, and the company was highlighted in a USC study for representing the largest share of female and African American directors."



“That’s not my bailiwick” –Kalyani Fernando


Green book outlined the safe towns for African Americans to visit when they drove out West.



Women MBAs tradeoff ambition for marriage-ability.  If female MBAs think their peers will see how much money they want to earn, they cut their desired annual salary by $20k



Cool horror film



"Purpose is what keeps people alive" -Prof. John Helliwell


“Economists don’t understand random assignment. They just don’t get it.” –Prof Nyla Branscombe


US gini coefficient has increased from .38 to .49 recently.


“Ideally Americans prefer the top 20% have 32% of the wealth, but in reality the top 20% have 85% of the wealth.” - Prof Lara Aknin


“If you have hope for your kids making more money than you made and you think you deserve the amount of money you made then you will be tolerant of inequality. “ - Prof Lara Aknin


Correspondence bias is an internal attribution of others’ bad situation. 



“I like the fact you used correspondence bias rather than empathy or sympathy because I think there is a big backlash against empathy, so we need to attack correspondence bias, not boost empathy.” – Prof Betsy Paluck to Prof Lara Aknin


Playspent.org is a good role-playing game for being poor. Try to make it through the month!  Playing this game reduces dispositional attributions of other people’s poverty, which decreases tolerance for inequality but “does it also decrease expressed racism?” (Akerlof question)


"While time in Los Angeles, San Francisco and New York City might make one think that every American mother breastfeeds her child for a year, national statistics report that only 27% of mothers fulfil this American Academy of Pediatrics goal (in Alabama, that figure hovers at 11%)."



"top 1% spending on education has increased 3.5 times since 1996, while middle-income spending on education has remained flat over the same time period."



There's two types of people in the world.

1. Those who can extrapolate from incomplete data.


"I feel everything! I know everything! I am everything!" - Connor MacLeod upon winning the prize in "The Highlander"


"I'm an economist and the reason I got interested in psychology is because I realized we could actually measure utility. That is what subjective well-being is. It is utility.  And that is why I am so passionate about the world happiness report. Measuring utility allows economists to actually bring values into their research, so it broadens the scope of what we can study, it doesn't diminish it."  -Prof. John Helliwell


"Parity in number is easier to achieve than parity in power" -Prof. Nicole Fortin


"A one percentage point jump in trust is equivalent to a 30 percentage point jump in income for overall subjective well-being"  -Prof. John Helliwell


"Going from no healthcare coverage to getting covered by Obamacare has the same increase in subjective well-being as a doubling in income." -Prof. John Helliwell


EDTA is the chemical that gets rid of heavy metals like lead in your body



"To understand the self we actually have to move toward society, not away from it. People who spend time in isolation in nature lose themselves, they don't find themselves." Prof. Alex Haslam


"And finally, in our time a beard is the one thing that a woman cannot do better than a man.” ‐ John Steinberg, Travels with Charley: In Search of America.


Half of the pay gap is due to women sorting into low-paying industries, and there's no pay gap in pharmacy



"44% of the variance in pay gap is due to mobility across firms, 56% is variance due to experience within firms" -Donna Ginther


"Goldin (2014) documents that occupations characterized by high returns to overwork are also those with the largest gender gap in earnings" and in locations where childcare is cheap, the gender pay gap tends to decrease



"Gender pay gap is 31 cents on the dollar for GEMP majors of prime working age, and overall women of prime age who work full time make 68% of what men make. Math is a gatekeeper for girls. When boys fail a math test, parents freak out, but when girls fail a math test parents think it's normal. Psych majors are 70% female. Over half of STEM degrees are awarded to women. 57% of college degrees are awarded to women." -Prof. Donna Ginther


"The more egalitarian the country, the smaller the math gap. College major explains half the variance in the gender wage gap."-Prof. Donna Ginther


"65% of men college grads have a first job in the private sector, but only 44% of women. And the private sector is the highest paying sector. Private and public sector hours are both 45 per week. Firms that employ women are more profitable but do not share rents with women (Hellerstein et al 2006). As immigrants enter a field, women are more likely to leave it (like computer science)."-Prof. Donna Ginther


"Supervisory work ($102k) pays better than non-supervisory work ($65k)" -Prof. Donna Ginther


"Pay gap percent variance - 25% due to private/public sector, 20% due to female dominated profession, 13% due to college major" -Prof. Donna Ginther


"Men get double the annual bonus as women ($28k vs $14k)" -Prof. Donna Ginther


Men prefer to work with men and women prefer to work with women



Oaxaca-Blinder decomposition is how you can attribute variance in the pay gap to different variables



Stanford prison experiment replication really shows that the result was from engaged followership, not blind conformity



When the company does well, men get a big bonus but not women. Male leader pay is tied to overall company performance, but not female leader pay. 



"We all have a conservative bias, showing deference and decreasing our mastery and giving up power.  To increase participation of low-status students, praise competent behaviors of students. To coordinate behavior, we have to anticipate the thoughts and feelings of others. Othering (identifying a group as inferior), hoarding and exploiting are the three ways that the powerful maintain their power.  Mastery gets the most attention in sociology as the main way low-status actors lose control. Birth order has more of an effect on behavior for girls than boys." -Prof. Jane McLoed


"57% of people think people will know which kids get mental health treatment in the community despite patient confidentiality rules. 25% of parents don't want their kids to be friends with a kid who has ADHD or depression." -Prof. Jane McLoed


"Advantage will always find a way to maintain itself" -Prof. Jane McLoed


"Our home isn't broken, it's fixed now." -Divorced mom


"We perceive people as group members because groups are real. The group is the fundamental unit of identity, not the individual." -Prof Alex Haslam


"Poor parents aren't as worried about having an autistic kid growing up and living a "normal" life as rich parents are.  Rich people have a concerted cultivation approach to parenting." -Prof Jane McLoed


The shifting standards approach leads women to get "praise but no raise" - Prof Monica Biernat


"Is it shifting standards or softening the blow of negative numerical evaluations? Women are more sensitive to feedback both good and bad."  - Prof Monica Biernat


Shifting standards: If the resource is unlimited (i.e. praise) then low-status groups get tons of it. But if the resource is limited (money or power) then low-status groups get very little of it.



"I think white men would get penalized for engaging in a behavior that actually increased diversity in an organization.  Your studies don't measure actual behavior, so despite your data I think if anybody actually substantially changes the status quo power structure, they will get penalized." - Prof. Betsy Paluck to me


Some tools for companies to interrupt bias in performance evaluations



Boys think they are good at math (Starkey et al 2008)


‘A child, at birth, is a candidate for humanity; it cannot become human in isolation.’ (Pieron, 1959)


"Thinking out loud is a crucial skill in academia. In Japan obedience or conformity is considered a virtue. Neuroscience is how culture gets under the skin. Ecology and genes create group culture, and group culture changes the brain. Fundamental attribution error is a western phenomenon. Absolute task is easier for Americans, relative task is easier for Asians. In Japan you don't let guests choose their wine, you give them a gift.  Exhausting game forced early humans to farm and domesticate animals. Linking rabbit to grass is an example of relational thinking (Asian) and linking rabbit to whale is an example of categorical thinking (American).  Rice farming (more interdependent task) versus wheat farming is linked to lower divorce rates. Ecology plus genes create culture (interdependent versus dependent) which affect the brain structure. Humans have 23,000 genes. DRD4 is the gene that makes people extremely sensitive and conformist to their culture. The OFC is biggest in NAmericans and is mainly responsible for values based decision making.  Bigger OFC means more independent self-construal.  Hokaido island was settled by unemployed Samurai and peasants and the people there are as independent as Americans. " Prof Shinobu Kitayama


"Do any of you want to hire a child molester or murderer? No? Well then you are prejudiced." -Prof Chris Crandall


"Men fear getting fat 2.5 out of 7, women fear it 5 out of 7.  Fat women are much more likely than fat men to have to pay their own college tuition because their parents think the fat girls are irresponsible.  Fat is caught up in a network of blame and ideology in the US but not in Mexico. Expectations of women skinniness norms coincide with women's right to vote and birth control. Thinness is a proxy for determining how much self-control a woman has.  One way to measure prejudice is to measure how warm they feel toward certain groups." -Prof Chris Crandall


"Hearing prejudiced speech against fat people makes people more prejudiced against other low-status groups like African-Americans" -Chris Crandall


"When people see evidence that the world is racist, they don't update their perception that the world is more negative than they thought, they update their perceptions of themselves as being more favorable and then actually behave in a way that is more prejudiced." -prof Mario Smalls


Democracy is on the decline around the world according to the democracy index



"Science is dissent" -Galileo


“People would have to be paid $2 million to change race or to become fat, and would have to be paid $10 million to change genders” – Prof Chris Crandall


"There's not enough of a legal barrier to deter organizations from being sexist. Only 30% of women with elite degrees still choose to work after having kids. But 54% of women with college degrees from low-status schools still work after kids. People get paid $.50 per hour extra for hazard pay for sexual harrassment. Class action lawsuits lead to 15% drop in stock price. Supreme Court doesn't understand statistics and requires a p value of .0001. New Immigrant survey has a cool skin darkness scale. " -Prof. Joni Hersch


"There is a 20% difference in pay from lightest to darkest skin color for immigrants. Look at the Dwight Burch case against Applebees for a dark-skinned man suing a lighter-skinned man for discrimination." -Prof. Joni Hersch


"I say you need to "Greek it up." Once you Greek up your paper, then you convince your male colleagues that you are competent" -Prof Nicole Fortin


"Half of pay gap is vertical (no promotions) and half is horizontal (bad industry). Across all workers, women work 85% of the hours that men work per week.


This simple excel program can show companies whether they have equal pay for equal work



What is it about English?? In English speaking countries the richest 1% have 20% of the income, but they only have 10% of the income in non-English-speaking countries


Sweden just killed board gender quotas



"That's 24 Irish correlations" Prof Chris Crandall referring to 24 very tiny correlations.


“bro” culture and “star” culture are types of organizations that allow abuses to flourish.19 percent of men reported unwanted sexual behaviors compared with 44 percent for women. But 60 percent of women in tech say they have experienced unwanted sexual advances, Only about 5 percent to 15 percent of people who have suffered from sexual harassment make a formal complaint.



CH2M Denver tech company that has 35% of its board women, female CEO and many senior women



The norm of self-interest is so strong that it leads people to act and speak as though they care more about their material self-interest than they do.



"However, when it comes to addressing corporate inequality we find that the strategies designed to change individuals are less effective than the conventional management solution of setting goals and assigning responsibility for moving toward these goals. "



People stereotype the most when there is just one woman or one man in a group.  They call this a "novelty" bias.



Women who explain their parenting gap on their resume to potential employers are 35% more likely to get hired than women who don't talk about it. "It's a lemons issue - employers assume the worst about you if you don't tell them." -Nobel Prize winner George Akerlof



In occupations with equal gender representation, women tend to make less than men. In occupations with equal pay, men tend to be over-represented (the top-paying 1% of jobs are 90% male-dominated).


Board gender quotas in Norway lead to more stable firm employment, lower profit, and increase in the number of women in the top five earners (Ahern & Dittmar, 2012; Matsa & Miller, 2013; Bertrand, Black, Jensen, Lleras-Muney, 2014).


They found that when their subjects talked about themselves in the second or third person — for example, “You can do this” or “Jane can do this” instead of “I can do this” — not only did they feel less anxiety while performing, but their peers also rated their performances better.



"Social emotions take many forms. For instance, negatively valenced “other-directed” social emotions like contempt, anger, and disgust are responses to others’ violations of the social order (e.g., Hutcherson & Gross, 2011; Rozin, Lowery, Imada, & Haidt, 1999), while “self-directed” social emotions including guilt, embarrassment, and shame are responses to understanding that it is oneself who has violated the social order (Rozin et al., 1999; Tangney et al., 2007; Tracy & Robins, 2004)."


PWC’s diversity and inclusion campaign videos



"Expressing shame is the most transformative culture agent there is." -Phoenix Van Wagoner


Consulting firm Great Place to Work has found that companies where fewer employees report fair treatment in regard to race or gender tend to score lower on measures of innovation, as well.



“The fundamental concept in social science is power, in the same sense in which energy is the fundamental concept in physics.” —Bertrand Russell (1938, p. 10)


Power affects cognitive processes in ways that facilitate self-expression, action, and goal pursuit (Galinsky et al. 2003; Guinote 2007a,b; Overbeck & Park 2006).



Intelligence was initially considered a good predictor of power emergence. However, a meta-analysis revealed that this relationship is weak (r = 0.27; Judge et al. 2004). Instead, people who appear intelligent attain power more easily (r = 0.60; Judge et al. 2004). Judge et al. (2004, p. 548) concluded that “it is possible [...] that leadership status is afforded to those who effectively manage a reputation for intelligence.”



Three quarters of British Members of Parliament considered decisiveness the most important attribute of a Prime Minister (for comparison, 32% considered honesty important; Allen et al. 2015).



Compared to the powerless, powerful people use more plural (we) than singular (I) pronouns (Kacewicz et al. 2013) and tend to use fewer disclaimers (e.g., “I don’t really know”), hesitations, hedges (“sort of,” “maybe”), tag questions (“it is very cold out today, isn’t it”), and intensifiers (e.g., “so;” Reid & Ng 1999, Thomas et al. 2004).



Dr. DiAngelo asserts that “the most effective adaptation of racism over time is the idea that racism is conscious bias held by mean people.” Key word here is “adaptation.” Racism today doesn’t look the way it did in 1865, 1965, or 2000. It stays alive by shape-shifting over time, and the good/bad binary is just part of its insidious current form. The only way forward is to step outside of it.



As Assata Shakur said, “No one is going to give you the education you need to overthrow them.”



As Vernā Meyers says, “Not enough White people have done their work. Stop trying to be good people. And start trying to be real people.”



Research idea: Are there two types of intimate relationship bonds – shame and trust?  A shame bond is focused on the past, is debt-based and is built on fear of rejection (i.e. mafia “family” where you have commit a major crime to get in). A trust bond is focused on the future, is like equity investing, and is built on hope (i.e. like “modern family” where the characters are authentic and not afraid of each other).


Visualization of the shrinking middle class



According to a measure of biodiversity, diversity of sports leagues goes from most to least MLS, MLB, NFL, NBA



But the NHL is 93% white, MLB is 63% white,  NFL is 29% white, and NBA is 23% white


Hilarious piece about writing. "My experience of writing is a giddy, pleasurable one, and does not feel like being trapped inside a cage that is on fire."



WILD Summit Diversity panel Times Three debut



Gender bias in Hollywood:

Men are seen and heard nearly twice as often as women

Women are seen on-screen more than men only in one film genre: horror

Female-led films do better at the box office, earning 16% more than male-led films



It's too early to rely on “technologies” such as oxytocin, amphetamines and neurostimulation to make us more #moral.  Increased oxytoxin just makes us more racist.



My webinar for CU leeds



Gender balanced teams perform better



Diverse employee bases perform better



Diversity drives innovation



Diversity makes us smarter



Why might thinking about scarcity lead people to view their resources more expansively? In one study, a set of participants wrote a brief essay about a time in childhood when they didn’t have much, while a second set wrote about growing up having a lot. Afterward, the researchers presented both groups with a problem that required using Bubble Wrap in different ways. People assigned to the scarcity group had better solutions compared to the abundance group.



"Instead of waiting for creativity to strike, start doing a little creative work every day. I've found that even writing 30 minutes every morning can become a habit-- and they add up quickly."



The plural of beef is beeves. For real.



If you want to win eurovision, you better sing in English



My parrot died today. Its last words were, "Crap, I think my parrot is about to die"


Judas: Still on for Friday?

Jesus: Friday?

Judas: Yeah, the last supper

Jesus: The what?

Judas: Supper. Normal supper with the fellas


GF: I'm sick of you pretending you're a detective. We should split up.

ME: Good idea. We can cover more ground that way.


Researchers from the U.K.’s Mindlab International found that while a baby’s cry was the No. 1 sound most likely to wake a woman, it didn’t even figure into the male top ten, lagging behind car alarms and strong wind.



Maybe that’s why women reported feeling significantly more fatigued than fathers in all four major life categories: work, housework, leisure, and child care



We are motivated by self-interest, right? Wrong. Brain imaging studies show we often do what is best for others.



Hideg and Ferris 2016

All students

Intentions to support EE

Benevolent sexism --> compassion --> intentions to support EE policy

(especially for male raters, and they only support women in female type jobs).

Implication is that benevolent sexism is just as bad as hostile sexism.


Google doesn't require a college degree, based on research showing no correlation between academic credentials and performance on the job. And Google has had its pick of top students from top programs at top universities.



While traditional education challenges students intellectually, it is often socially and emotionally passive. If you look at the behavior it teaches, it's compliance, when our world demands leadership skills.



Peter Thiel's Fellowship offers students $100,000 over two years to drop out of school. The offer shocked me when I first heard of it. On meeting a few ThielFellows, all outstanding, and seeing how traditional universities can stifle many (not all!) students, I saw value in his approach and attack.



"Diversity lies at the heart of resilience. In biology we have diverse genes to protect different species against disease and prepare different species for different climates. In companies, we have diverse expertise to protect against groupthink and prepare for a changing, turbulent, disrupted world. In countries, diverse backgrounds and values are essential to a strong and successful democracy. And in communities, diversity is an unlimited virtue because it keeps different virtues in balance."



Janet Bercovitz challenges williamson's TCE by looking at the relationship and the learning between partners over time (i.e. includes bounded rationality which contradicts efficiency), not just assuming transactions are efficient. The received wisdom is that contracts undermine relational trust (i.e. Ghoshal). But sometimes trust and contracts might be complementary, and contracts tend to get tougher over time. Some people can use a tough contract to promote trust going forward.  Janet shows that it depends on the characteristics of the people in the contracts.


To improve, teams don't need more workshops and lectures. They need to practice working together:



Racism map



Noncompetes cover 30 million workers, suppressing wages and decreasing motivation



“Manbassadors” (men fighting for gender equality) taking off at @MichiganRoss, @HarvardHBS, @BerkeleyHaas & others.



"One thing that wildly successful entrepreneurs like Jobs and Zuckerberg did understand, Barnett says, is how to put together systems “that could discover the future, that allowed for uncertainty, that ferreted out possibilities. Then they doubled down on those discoveries.”"



Kang et al 2016

Luke, Lei, Lamar, or James?

Resume whitening is necessary and "diversity-valuing" organizations are just as racist as non-diversity valuing organizations.

Whitened resumes get 25% callback, but only 10% callback if not whitened.


"This paradox of diversity-valuing leading to more discrimination against minorities, shares parallels with the ‘‘paradox of meritocracy,’’ whereby managers’ beliefs that their organization is meritocratic and demography-blind make them more likely to make prejudiced decisions (Castilla and Benard, 2010). " Kang et al ASQ 2016


"Our audit study suggests that, if an applicant usually whitens his name and experiences on the resume except when applying to ostensibly pro-diversity employers, then he would receive significantly fewer callbacks from seemingly ‘‘diversity-friendly’’ employers than from those that do not declare their commitment to diversity." Kang et al ASQ 2016


Gamers pay millions of real US dollars annually for cosmetic upgrades to their in-game avatars (Marshall, 2016). Perhaps the most lucrative items are skins, which are cosmetic enhancements that make one's avatar appear more attractive or powerful, and cost as much as $25 in League of Legends (a competitor of Minecraft). Microsoft, the parent company of Minecraft is following suit and offering many new avatar skins for players to purchase for their Minecraft characters (e.g. a skin makes your player look like Superman or Catwoman in the game; Shankland, 2017). Mineplex is one of the largest private Minecraft servers where hundreds of Minecraft players interact and build, and the hosts of this server sell players cosmetic features. For example, the privilege of wearing "golden boots" on the server costs $7.99. These private servers make so much money from selling cosmetic features that Microsoft began heavily regulating them (Guthrie, 2016), and is launching a marketplace to compete with them (Marshall, 2016).






"In the benevolent sexism condition, we activated benevolent sexist stereotypes by having participants read and memorize the following six statements from Glick and Fiske’s (1996)

Benevolent Sexism Scale: “Women should be cherished and pro-tected by men”; “Secretly, most women yearn for a man whose arms they can find protection and security”; “Women have a way of caring that men are not capable of in the same way”; “Women compared to

men, tend to have a superior moral sensibility”; “Men are incomplete without women”; and “Many women would like a man who conquers their heart.” These statements were used and validated in Becker and Wright’s (2011) paper." Hideg and Ferris 2016 JPSP


Treating women in a benevolent sexist manner undermines women’s cognitive performance (Dardenne, Dumont, & Bollier, 2007), benevolent sexist managers are more likely to assign women to less challenging roles in the workplace (King et al., 2012), and endorsement of benevolent sexism is related to support of status quo (Becker & Wright, 2011; Jost & Kay, 2005).


However, using GPower software (Faul, Erdfelder, Lang, & Buchner, 2007), we estimated that our power to detect main effects with a medium effect size (f-squared = 0.15) in multiple regression analyses with a significance level of alpha = .05 with our sample size of 115 was 98%).


Activating descriptive expectations for power (powerful people cheat more) leads the powerful to cheat more than the powerless, whereas activating prescriptive expectations (powerful people should cheat less) leads the powerful to cheat less than the powerless. (Hu, Rucker, Galinsky, 2016)


CEO pay is 8% restricted stock, 39% stock options, 22% salary, and 20% bonus.



The more employees you lose to high-status competitors, the better your organizational reputation becomes



CEO salary is NEGATIVELY correlated with firm performance (Total shareholder returns, r = -.06)



managerial compensation tends to be lower when subordinates are mostly female as opposed to male (Ostroff & Atwater, 2003).


A recent audit study (Gaddis, 2014) indicated that a black job candidate with a Harvard degree would receive a salary that was on par with a white job candidate with a University of Massachusetts - Amherst degree, but significantly less than a comparable white Harvard alum


Some evidence (e.g., Hoang & Rascher, 1999; Kahn, & Shah, 2005; Kahn & Sherer, 1988) indicates black professional basketball players receive lower compensation than white players after controlling for overall ability and talent.


A white employee may be evaluated less positively when he is pictured sitting next to a black, rather than white, employee at a company holiday party (Pryor et al., 2012) and a man may be rated less positively when he is pictured sitting next to an overweight, rather than average weight, woman (Hebl & Mannix, 2013)


bias tends to be most prevalent under conditions of poor performance and considerably less pronounced when performance is high (Brescoll, Dawson, & Uhlmann, 2010; Walker, Madera, & Hebl, 2013; Rosette & Livingston, 2012).


observers infer that gender egalitarian men must have feminine qualities due to their presumed affiliation with women (Rudman, Mescher, & Moss-Racusin, 2013).


The powerful people use stricter moral standards than do the powerless when judging others’ transgressions (Lammers, Stapel, & Galinsky, 2010).


Powerful people have more moral clarity which makes them punish transgressors more severely (Flynn and Wiltermuth, 2013)


Economic downturns undermine workplace helping by promoting a zero-sum construal of

success (Sirrola & Pitesa 2016)


Having rich parents makes you a worse leader because money makes people more narcissistic which makes people less likely to engage in task, relational or change oriented leadership behaviors. (Martin, Cote & Woodruff, 2016)


people are more likely to apply stereotypes to strangers than to familiar outgroup members (Flynn, Chatman, and Spataro, 2001; Quinn, Mason, and Macrae, 2009). Through learning, repeated interaction should reduce outgroup prejudice


White coaches favor white NBA players, but that racial favoritism decreases with repeated exposure to black players



Six basic emotional arcs in most stories

1. Rags to Riches (rise)

2. Riches to Rags (fall)

3. Man in a Hole (fall then rise)

4. Icarus (rise then fall)

5. Cinderella (rise then fall then rise)

6. Oedipus (fall then rise then fall)



Students select or reject majors based in large part on the quality of the first college instructor they have in the discipline, new research finds.



Idea: We should do a study of tenured faculty and simply correlate pay with annual performance ratings. I bet the correlation is negative.


"Honestly I just really enjoyed making him feel inadequate." -Frances talking to her lawyer about how she treated her soon-to-be-ex in HBO series "Divorce"


Wang, C. S., Galinsky, A. D., and Murnighan, J. K. (2009). Bad drives psychological reactions but good propels behavior: Reactions to honesty and deception. Psychological Science, 20, 634- 644. *Finalist, Best Published Article, Center for Positive Organizational Scholarship (2010).


Wang, C. S., Ku, G., Tai, K., and Galinsky, A. D. (2014). Stupid doctors and smart construction workers: Perspective-taking reduces stereotyping of both negative and positive targets. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 5, 429-435.


Livingston, R. W., Rosette, A. S., & Washington, E. F. (2012). Can an angry Black woman get ahead? The impact of race and dominance on perceptions of female leaders. Psychological Science, 23, 354-358.


Martell, R. F., Emrich, C. G. & Robinson-Cox, J. (2012). From bias to exclusion: A multilevel emergent theory of gender segregation in organizations. Research in Organizational Behavior 32, 137-162.



"As Gilmore (1990) notes, in these societies “real manhood . . . is not a natural condition that comes about spontaneously through biological maturation but rather is a precarious or artificial state that boys must win against powerful odds” (p. 11). These “odds,” moreover, often involve physical endurance, risk, and danger. In contrast, “an authentic femininity rarely involves tests or proofs of action, or confrontations with dangerous foes” (p. 12)"



"Men take greater risks than women across a wide range of domains (Byrnes, Miller, & Schafer, 1999; Croson & Gneezy, 2009; Eckel & Grossman, 2002; M. Wilson & Daly, 1985), and risk-taking is closely tied to the male gender role (Baker & Maner, 2009; M. Wilson & Daly, 1985). One typical explanation for this gender difference is that it results from sexual selection pressures (i.e., men compete with each other for access to women, and risk-taking is part of this competition). From our perspective, risk-taking is an effective means of both restoring and maintaining manhood status as it helps men out compete other men and is attractive to women (Courtenay, 2000; Gilmore, 1990; Griskevicius et al., 2009)."



Gender equality predicts olympic medal wins



Cool gender and diversity article links



Economic downturns make people have a zero-sum construal and be less likely to help at work



Pay for performance motivates physicians to do more procedures, especially when their indebtedness to the pay for performance system is forgiven.  But pay for performance doesn't work when physicians fall behind and become indebted to the system.



Diversity/faultlines block the favorable impact of CEO humility on middle manager satisfaction and turnover. 



A physicist, chemist and economist are stuck on a desert island and they find a can with water in it. The physicist says he can create a punch tool to open the can but some of the water will leak out when the hole is punched. The economist says this is unacceptable. So the chemist says she can create a chemical that will eat through the lid of the can but some of the water on top will be unusable because of the chemical contamination and the economist says this is unacceptable. So they turn to the economist and ask him what they should do. He says, "First, let's assume we have a can opener..."


"when a seller makes the first offer the final settlement price tends to be higher than when the buyer makes the first offer (Benton, Kelley, & Liebling, 1972; Galinsky & Mussweiler, 2001; Liebert, Smith, Hill, & Keiffer, 1968). "



If you aren't dependent on your negotiating partner, then you are much more likely to make the first offer (because you don't care if you get rejected).



Negotiators with a bad or great bargaining power (high and low BATNAs) are most aggressive and perform best in negotiations. Negotiators with medium power perform the worst.



“In life one must choose between boredom and suffering” – Madame de Stael


It’s not about the nail



Every day I learn more about the nature of myself and those around me. Admitting this is painful because I am essentially admitting that I was unaware of something important and that I was ignorant yesterday, and am ignorant today, and will be ignorant tomorrow.  But if I flip the frame, then it is encouraging because it means each day I am becoming more enlightened.


"I'm trying to elevate small talk to medium talk." -Larry David


"The results of this study indicate that diversity training is more impactful when embedded as part of a larger diversity initiative rather than as a stand-alone activity. While training may successfully lead to knowledge gain about diversity, we still do not have effective ways to change attitudes and behavior. Furthermore, it is still unclear whether diversity training should be mandated or if participation should be voluntary. According to this meta-analysis, behavior "change was greatest for those for whom diversity training was mandatory. - See more at: http://www.siop.org/tip/april17/gap.aspx#sthash.tzxpLyBw.b24mhRhU.dpuf


"Multisource feedback used for administrative and developmental purposes has a moderate effect on a firm’s financial performance by elevating employee ability and promoting knowledge sharing." - See more at: http://www.siop.org/tip/april17/gap.aspx#sthash.tzxpLyBw.b24mhRhU.dpuf


Top 10 management articles out of 955 published in 2016



This song reduces anxiety by 65%



Ironically, I found this on facebook:The more you use facebook, the more your mental health will deteriorate



If you want a healthy heart, avoid eating sugar



Following a realized loss, individuals avoid risk, but if that same loss is not realized (a paper loss), then individuals take on greater risk.



“A person who has not made peace with his losses is likely to accept gambles that would be unacceptable to him otherwise.” – Kahneman and Tversky (1979)


“Losses that come on the heels of prior losses may be more painful than average...after a prior loss, the person becomes more loss averse.” – Barberis, Huang and Santos (2001)


educational diversity positively influenced the range and depth of information use for all except the most diverse teams we studied, but negatively influenced information integration.



Robert Ford: Evolution forged the entirety of sentient life on this planet using only one tool… The mistake.


Dolores Abernathy: Then they killed them. And then... I ran. Everyone I cared about is gone... and it hurts... so badly.

Bernard Lowe: I can make that feeling go away if you'd like.

Dolores Abernathy: Why would I want that? The pain, their loss... it's all I have left of them. You think the grief will make you smaller inside, like your heart will collapse in on itself, but it doesn't. I feel spaces opening up inside of me, like a building with rooms I've never explored.


"If you ask people, Do you support or oppose abortion? Followed by “Do you support or oppose abortion in cases of rape or incest”, you get less favorable attitudes toward abortion than if you reverse the order of the questions (Tourrangeau and Rasinski).  That’s because, in the reverse order (specific version first followed by general) you interpret that the second question is asking about abortion in all cases EXCEPT in cases of rape or incest. Because people who are sketchy about abortion in general are often more open in cases of rape or incest, people give a more negative answer to the general abortion question when it comes last." -Prof John Lynch 


"I've been pretending my whole life. Pretending I don't mind, pretending I belong. My life's built on it. And it's a good life; it's the life I've always wanted. But then I came here, and I get a glimpse for a second of a life in which I don't have to pretend, of a life in which I can be truly alive. How can I go back to pretending when I know what this feels like?" - William in Westworld


"All my life I've prided myself on being a survivor. Being a survivor is just another loop. I'm getting out of here, and you two are going to help me." -Maeve in Westworld


"Well that's just like your opinion man." - The Dude in the Big Lebowski


"When my father was alive, he was nothing to my mother. Now that he's dead, he's a saint in her eyes. My dad was tough. He ran his own crew. A guy like that, and my mother wore him down to a little nub. He was a squeaking little gerbil when he died." -Tony Soprano


90% of South African CEOs are from just 4% of the population (the white men) and only three South African companies are in the top 500 companies, with the majority of South African companies dropping in their ranking from 2015.  France has roughly the same population as South Africa and 29 companies in the Fortune 500, Britain has 19, Netherlands 12, Singapore has 10% of the population of S Africa and the same number of Fortune 500 companies, Taiwan has half the population of South Africa and more than double the number of Fortune 500 companies.



"The fact is, you have to do the work of grieving. You have to let it run its course. Pain is the agent of change; pain is what allows you to change, it’s what enables you to reach a new reality.” -Julia Samuel



Jerks are ruining startups "What is bro culture? Basically, a world that favors young men at the expense of everyone else. A “bro co.” has a “bro” C.E.O., or C.E.-Bro, usually a young man who has little work experience but is good-looking, cocky and slightly amoral — a hustler. "



Over all, just 6 percent of partners at venture capital firms are women, according to the Diana Project at Babson College. That is even lower than in 1999, when 10 percent were female. And, according to another study of gender and venture capital, 77 percent of the firms have never had a female investor.



MIT has a $250k reward for responsible disobedience! "With this award, we will honor work that impacts society in positive ways, and is consistent with a set of key principles, including non-violence, creativity, courage, and responsibility for one’s actions. The award will go to a living person or group engaged in what we believe is extraordinary disobedience for the benefit of society. "



Fidgeting makes the body healthier and the mind more agile. Yay!



Is Swapping Date Night for Meeting Night the Secret to a Happy Marriage?



Keep saying "um" and "like". They help us soften disagreements and, like, introduce delicate topics. Weak language has, uh, you know, some strengths...



If you've ever thought yawning means you're tired, think again. Research suggests it might keep the brain from overheating. Next time you yawn in a meeting, you can say "Excuse me, I'm just cooling my brain



Drop words like "ninja" and "rock star" from job postings. More women apply, and jobs fill 2 weeks faster.



Powerful tips for raising a generation of kids who aren't racially biased:Talk openly about race, introduce positive examples of other groups, encourage cross-group friendships.



People who spent 15 minutes a day reflecting on what they learned performed 23% better in the next 10 days.



Gender differences in competitiveness vanish when we compete against ourselves. Mastery is a universal motivator.



Productivity results from intense focus, but creativity results from variety of ideas



Life satisfaction peaks at 23 and 69



"Good communicators make themselves look smart. Great communicators make their audiences feel smart." -Adam Grant


Idea: Lying is the only thing that's safe in a competitive context, honesty is the only thing that makes sense in a cooperative context.


Clinical psychologists are dedicated to eliminating human suffering.


Dumbest idea exercise - be grateful for the dumbest idea offered because this idea expands the potential thought space


"Blinding professor applicant demographic info and getting the best professors is like moneyball" CMU prof Alex Imas


"People typically want sentimental gifts but gift givers don't think people want sentimental gifts so they don't give them." -CMU prof Jeff Balak


"People say they are bad with women, but they don't say they are bad with blacks because that sounds racist. Instead of saying they are bad with blacks they say 'make America great again'" -some comic at Arcade comedy in Pittsburgh


"You gotta bring your game, not your name." -CBS basketball announcer Kenny Smith about how you can't rest on your laurels and expect to win


"We aren't competing but I'm going to win."   -some comic at Arcade comedy in Pittsburgh


"I saw Paul Rudd and was like, 'Hey you look just like Paul Rudd' and turned and walked away and that was like me saying 'game recognizes game you know' and Paul Rudd said to me 'Hey you're alright." -some comic at Arcade comedy in Pittsburgh


"The mouth is the grossest part of a person because it's their thought hole. That's where their messed up thoughts come out." -some comic at Arcade comedy in Pittsburgh


Our diversity panel



The way to maximize creative potential is to flow between being alone and being in a group, and back again. Four steps: alone, together, alone, together. This group produced 71% more ideas per person. When you’re alone, you’re essentially building a woodpile in your brain. Then, when you join a group, you’re igniting a shower of sparks that might light it up.



Scarcity of time (what rich people have) and scarcity of money (what poor people have) makes people make bad decisions



What if Sociologists Had as Much Influence as Economists? "Professor Gans of Columbia has argued for decades that the stigmatization of poor Americans fuels entrenched, persistent poverty."



"People do well if they can" -Ross Greene


Bad behavior results from people having too many stressors or not enough skills. Rarely are people willful and defiant.  So good parents and leaders will find their followers' stressors and reduce them, find unmet needs and meet them, or find skills deficits and teach them.



Make people feel together by bonding over a time they felt excluded



Actually surprising: when women say what they really think and step out of their gender roles, they become extremely powerful. When Clinton was a man, and Trump was a woman in a mock debate, male Clinton did EVEN worse in the debates. "So I think it was mostly the smiling piece—so many women have told me that they’re taught to smile through things that are uncomfortable. It’s been really powerful to hear women talk about that, and a learning experience for me. Someone said that Jonathan Gordon [the male Hillary Clinton] was “really punchable” because of all the smiling.  I was surprised by how critical I was seeing [Clinton] on a man’s body, and also by the fact that I didn’t find Trump’s behavior on a woman to be off-putting. I remember turning to Maria at one point in the rehearsals and saying, "I kind of want to have a beer with her!" The majority of my extended family voted for Trump. In some ways, I developed empathy for people who voted for him by doing this project, which is not what I was expecting. "



Here’s some recent corporate buzzwords:

Hoover up

Roughly roughly

Massaging this a little more


Rocks we want to look under

What are the nuggets?

Can we spotlight this a little more?

We had a lot of people raising their hands on this issue

We really need help boning out an insight run

How can I apply this to my own A to B?

We should make a tear-out for managers on this

Let's really double-click into this


All requests for executive experiences must submitted through this link: https://leeds.qualtrics.com/jfe6/form/SV_6i0QGb9MI43G3oV


Typical leader development programs involve  separate knowing, development of the autonomous self, and masculine leadership approaches of agentic and transactional leadership. In contrast, women's leadership programs focus on connected knowing, development of the relational self, and relational and identity-based leadership.

Sugiyama, K., Cavanagh, K. V., van Esch, C., Bilimoria, D., & Brown, C. (2016). Inclusive Leadership Development: Drawing From Pedagogies of Women’s and General Leadership Development Programs. Journal of Management Education, 40(3), 253-292.


"Rules were made to be broken along with curfews and knees" - Max while wearing shoes at a McDonald's play structure that bans shoes and involves crawling on rock hard plastic


"The number of hiring managers reporting that they use online search engines and SNSs to view photographs of job candidates and conduct research on job applicant background information has increased 500% over the last decade (McDonnell, 2016). Hiring managers now find it easy to uncover information about a job candidate’s racioethnicity (Smith & Kidder, 2010; Zeidner, 2007)"


"external pressure to control bias can also result in responses that are more negative, rather than less biased (Monin & Miller, 2001; Plant & Devine, 2003)."


The hospitality industry has a 72.1 percent turnover rate in 2015 (Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2015)


Network diversity leads to higher quality ideas



"Peace is swimming with my Dad. And is enjoying a bowl of hot cocoa. Peace is love and caring." -Esme's writing assignment where she was asked to describe what peace means to her


Leader-member personality differences lead to member satisfaction



Exponential growth bias is the human inability to understand compound growth, "Many individuals systematically underestimate the returns to saving that accrue from compound growth (Eisenstein and Hoch 2007; Stango and Zinman 2009)."



"Is bias in favor of white males really just a form of cheating?" –Prof. Coleen Manchester


Empowering your workers is less motivating if they are a different gender from you as a manager



Women tend to be more generous at work than men, and whites more than nonwhites



"Work hard, choose kind, have fun, be present" -Prof. Theresa Glomb's mantra



Three ways to make work better: Reflect on three positive things from your workday every night, do more unitasking and stop multitasking, focus on how your work helps others



Prof. Beth Campbell as an undergrad worked in Adam Grant's lab when he was a phd student



Did big data and analytics help Trump win? "Our smartphone, Kosinski concluded, is a vast psychological questionnaire that we are constantly filling out, both consciously and unconsciously."



"Individuals with Aspergers run the risk of exploitation by others and may be unable to comprehend the societal implications of their actions. People with Aspergers tend to be victims rather than victimizers."



"As individuals with Histrionic Personality Disorder get older the symptoms become less prominent. Sexual seduction shifts to maternal seduction and in general there is less energy to support other symptoms."



"First they came for the Muslims and we said not today motherfucker."



Lifelong learning is becoming an economic imperative (and is the #3 Grand Challenge of management)



"Symptoms of histrionic personality disorder: HPD affects four times as many women as men. People with HPD are usually high-functioning, both socially and professionally. They usually have good social skills, despite tending to use them to manipulate others into making them the center of attention. HPD may also affect a person's social and/or romantic relationships, as well as their ability to cope with losses or failures. They may seek treatment for clinical depression when romantic relationships end, although they are unlikely to stay in therapy long enough to obtain any positive results. Research has found two-thirds of patients diagnosed with histrionic personality disorder also meet criteria similar to that of antisocial personality disorder. Often females with HPD were abused or neglected by their fathers as young children."



"Infantile histrionic is labile, high-strung, volatile emotions; childlike hysteria and nascent pouting; demanding, overwrought; fastens and clutches to another; is overly attached, hangs on, stays fused to and clinging."



"Disingenuous histrionic is underhanded, double-dealing, scheming, contriving, plotting, crafty, false-hearted; egocentric, insincere, deceitful, calculating, guileful."



"Vivacious histrionic is vigorous, charming, bubbly, brisk, spirited, flippant, impulsive; seeks momentary cheerfulness and playful adventures; animated, energetic, ebullient."



"Band-aids don't fix bullet holes, you say sorry just for show, if you live like that you live with ghosts." T-Swift


"Trump’s government looks an awful lot like a badly run business. He’s made hiring decisions based not on qualifications or experience, but on whether candidates are members of his family or have the right “look.” Funny facial hair, inadequate height and absence of “swagger” reportedly disqualified some contenders."



John Henryism - working against the odds is lethal for African-Americans but not Whites.



People who swear more tend to be more honest



My take on the confusing classic movie Mulholland Drive is that the whole thing is Adam Kesher's dream because "He's sort of the one character in the film who doesn't know what the [hell's] going on. I think he's the one guy the audience says, 'I'm kind of like you right now. I don't know why you're being subjected to all this pain.'”



The famous "elephant chart" that explains Trump and Brexit



Ian Sanderson authenticity exercise is everyone fills in the blanks here "I have been pretending that ______ when in fact ________"



Airbnb's work to fight discrimination and build inclusion in their rentals



This stupid wheel taught me that "shitty" isn't actually a feeling. I really think it should be.



Women repeating the point of another woman in a meeting and giving credit to her helps boost women



Powerful people who feel incompetent are most aggressive



The most powerful decision-makers can also be the least accurate



Why we should stop grading students on a curve -Adam Grant Wharton prof. says it undermines learning, relationships and future success



Two-thirds of Americans disapprove of the use of race as a factor in college admissions, according to Gallup



Brazil took more African slaves than any other country. Today Blacks in Brazil make 58% of what whites make, and Blacks in America make 76% of what Whites make.



Interviewer: What's the first thing you do when you wake up in the morning?

Morrissey: Wish I hadn't (Q Magazine 1995)


Exercising the recommended amount "appeared to wipe out completely" the inflated risk of cancer death resulting from alcohol



Research idea: Employees dealing with people outside the firm are "surface" employees - they bring in the resources from the environment. "Volume" employees are those inside who produce and coordinate. (Haire, 1959; Levy and Donahue 1962; Stephan 1983) As firms grow, they often increase the surface employees and lose volume, which leads to "silos."  Men tend to be in sales and in silos, and tend to develop fewer cross-cutting ties than women.  So maybe hiring women will decrease silos and organizational volume and thereby bring the square-cube ratio back into balance?


The "melting zone" where life and complexity happens is the region between total order and total chaos (Kauffman 1993). The "melting zone" is exhausting and I've lived there my whole life.


Human performance doesn't follow a normal (Gaussian) distribution but rather follows a Pareto distribution



The pay dispersion literature assumes that the main cause of counterproductive team behaviors such as sabotage or lack of cooperation is perceived inequity (Trevor, Reilly, Gerhart) . However, our results suggest that another cause is aggression from highly paid employees.



Fewer union workers means lower pay for all workers. Really.



Women pack on pounds after marriage, men after divorce



Personality changes over a lifespan. Age differences in personality traits from 10 to 65. Men are overall more open than women and get more open over time. Women are more extraverted than men over a life. Women spike in neuroticism at age 15 and then decrease over their lives. Men are always less neurotic than women.



Openness to experience has been negatively related to marital stability and satisfaction and decreased relationship length (Shaver & Brennan, 1992). Openness has been linked to Eros and Mania love styles for men and negatively linked to Pragma love style for women (Middleton 1993).



Immigration explained with gumballs



We actually had a US policy called "operation wetback"



Bad women use honey, bad men use vinegar? Narcissistic, Machiavellian, and psychopathic women will tend to use soft manipulation tactics, whereas their equally toxic male counterparts will tend to use hard manipulation tactics



We know two things about politics: power is more likely to be used when resources are scarce (Salancik & Pfeffer, 1974), and unity of perspective and the ability to take collective action provide an important source of power (Pfeffer, 1992)


Anger negatively impacts social information processing, whereas the negative emotion of sadness has no effect on information processing (Bodenhausen, Sheppard, Kramer, 1994)


Positive mood can result in greater reliance on stereotypes because of the association between positive affect and heuristic processing (Park & Banaji, 2000).


Family physicians are most likely to sexually abuse their patients. “It’s a pretty tight club, being a doctor,” McGiffert said. “They protect their own.”



"The best predictor of which specialty med students choose is their first few med school rotations.  When students got to choose their schedule, students choosing to pursue internal medicine dropped 50% because they signed up to do the lucrative ones first.:" -Prof Pri Shah.


Brah is trending down, Bruh is trending up, Bruv is staying flat



Lol is still stronger than ha, haha, haha combined



Clusterfuck is more popular than shitshow, but shitshow is gaining a lot of ground on clusterfuck



Out of the 558 US athletes, only 12 Olympic athletes have a parent who also competed at the Olympic games. Isn't that crazy?!  Only 80% of Olympic athletes competed in college athletics!!



The war - Marvin Hagler vs Thomas Hearns - the greatest boxing match ever



This guy is an Internet hero



Why didn't Facebook's point system improve diversity? Facebook has 1.7 billion monthly users and 85% are outside North America.



THIS! "One of the most damaging legacies of traditional psychology is the over-weighting it gives to people’s insecurities and fears and the relatively complete inattention it gives to the myriad ways that they fight and maneuver for the things they want. Everyday life is approximately 95% fighting and 5% running. But traditional psychology is overly concerned about how and why we run, not how and why we fight. By “fight” I don’t mean physical violence. Rather, I mean the forceful goal-directed energy we all expend to get the things we want."



When someone is rude to you at work, it reduces employees' self-control and leads them to act in a similarly uncivil manner



HEARING LOSS & TINNITUS STATISTICS, HEARING LOSS AND TINNITUS – A PUBLIC HEALTH EPIDEMIC. From 2000 to 2015, the number of Americans with hearing loss has doubled. 1 in 5 teens, 1 in 5 adults, 3 in 5 veterans returning from war



People named Dave tend to be drummers and mechanics.



"a recent study has found that women who carry a little extra weight live longer than the men who mention it" - Rocket fizz poster


"A man's prayer: I'm a man and I can change, I guess, if I have to, maybe." - Rocket fizz poster


"Don't get all Jesusy dad. Just don't do it. That would be so annoying." -Jude


"Don't ever get married daddy. Just don't." -Esme


"Don't change Dave. Never change. You're so awesome just the way you are." -Brian, "the squad leader" of basketball


"Drink coffee. Do stupid things faster and with more energy." - Rocket fizz poster


Actor Bradley Cooper announced he would fight wage discrimination by sharing information about what he was making on a film with female costars before they signed their deals.



The best performing teams have three conflict resolution strategies - focus on content rather than delivery, focus on reasons for decisions the group reached, work gets assigned to the most qualified person (not assigned by default, volunteering or position power).



Event system theory seems pretty sweet. "Events and organizational change. Perhaps one of the major reasons for the dominance of feature-oriented research is that features do exert a strong influence on organizations. This creates a strong tendency for homeostasis or routines, where “individuals and groups develop cognitive structures, habits of mind, to guide automatic cognitive processing” (Louis & Sutton, 1991: 70). However, “discrepant events . . . trigger a need for explanation” (Louis, 1980: 241). In other words, automatic processing and habits of mind reflect routines that are maintained until interrupted by an event such that “habitual behavior, once established, persists more or less automatically until and unless something specific happens to break a group out of its routine” (Gersick & Hackman, 1990: 80). Thus, events are often the means by which entities come to evaluate, change, or otherwise interrupt their routines or regular behavior"



Mental contamination and mental correction articles that will help with the IAT and two in the pool finding:


Set/reset: Use and disuse of concepts in impression formation.



Constructing reality and its alternatives : an inclusion/ exclusion model of assimilation and contrast effects in social judgment



Mental contamination and mental correction: unwanted influences on judgments and evaluations



Larry Diamond, a sociologist at Stanford, has described the past decade as a period of “democratic recession.” Worldwide, the number of democratic states has diminished. Within many of the remaining democracies, the quality of governance has deteriorated.



“The benefit of controlling a modern state is less the power to persecute the innocent, more the power to protect the guilty.”



Network Executive: Christof, what's going on? Do you know that there's a rumor circulating that he's dead? You hear me? The media is having a feeding frenzy with this, all the phone lines are jammed, and every network has a pirated shot of Marlon making an ass of himself in front of the cameras!

Network Executive: The sponsors are threatening to rip up their contracts.

Christof: [pointing at the "Technical fault. Please stand by" graphic] Why? We're getting higher ratings with this graphic than we've ever had on this show.



Truman Burbank: Was nothing real?

Christof: You were real. That's what made you so good to watch...



Christof: I know you better than you know yourself.

Truman: You never had a camera in my head!



Christof: We've become bored with watching actors give us phony emotions. We are tired of pyrotechnics and special effects. While the world he inhabits is, in some respects, counterfeit, there's nothing fake about Truman himself. No scripts, no cue cards. It isn't always Shakespeare, but it's genuine. It's a life.



Mike Michaelson: Christof, let me ask you, why do you think that Truman has never come close to discovering the true nature of his world until now?

Christof: We accept the reality of the world with which we're presented. It's as simple as that.



Marlon: [Emotional almost to the point of tears] The point is, I would gladly step in front of traffic for you Truman. And the last thing I would ever do to you...

Christof: [Feeding Marlon his lines] ... is lie to you.

Marlon: ...is lie to you.



Christof: I have given Truman the chance to lead a normal life. The world, the place you live in, is the sick place. Seahaven is the way the world should be.

Sylvia: He's not a performer, he's a prisoner. Look at him, look at what you've done to him!

Christof: He could leave at any time. If his was more than just a vague ambition, if he was absolutely determined to discover the truth, there's no way we could prevent him. I think what distresses you, really, caller, is that ultimately Truman prefers his cell, as you call it.

Sylvia: Well, that's where you're wrong. You're so wrong! And he'll prove you wrong!



Talk Show Caller: Hi, Christof. I was just wondering how many cameras you got there in that town.

Christof: Somewhere in the vicinity of 5000.

Talk Show Caller: That's a lot of cameras.

Christof: Remember, we started with just one.

[as he speaks, clips of a foetus, newborn babies in a hospital, a toddler walking along a beach and a toddler looking up at a mobile with a camera attached to it are shown]

Christof: He was curious from birth. Premature by two weeks. It was almost as if he couldn't wait to get started.

Mike Michaelson: And of course his eagerness to leave his mother's womb was the very reason he the one who was selected.

Christof: In competition with five other unwanted pregnancies, the casting of a show determined by an airdate, Truman was the one who arrived on cue.

Mike Michaelson: Incidentally, I believe Truman is the first child to have been legally adopted by a corporation?

Christof: That's correct.



Marlon: I mean, think about it, Truman. If everybody is in on it, I'd have to be in on it, too.


Marlon: I'm not in on it, Truman, because... there is no 'it'.



Histronic people are emotional vampires



"Nobody wins unless everybody wins." -Bruce Springsteen


How can I become a data scientist? Data scientist Monica Rogati says "tl;dr: Do a project you care about. Make it good and share it."



"Whenever you work with data from an organization you think it's the worst and messiest data ever because everyone thinks that. Company data is just a mess. "

- Dan Becker of DataRobot



Dan Becker of DataRobot






Women blood clot patients less likely to receive good care than male patients, but both get a lot better care when a checklist is used. Thanks to a "decision support tool."



"Companies like Google and Slack have begun to use structured interviews to avoid discrimination in hiring. Instead of allowing interviews to be free-form, guided by the interviewer’s own judgments, these companies use the same interview techniques and questions for each candidate."



"After controlling for these variables, we found that income inequality was the most significant determinant of population-adjusted hate crimes and hate incidents across the United States — for both pre-election and post-election data sets."



"A gaffe is when someone accidentally tells the truth." -RC


Being civil is really important at work for psychological safety and performance. "Microsoft’s popular “Precision Questioning” class teaches participants to question their own ideas; develop approaches to healthy, constructive criticism; and act with emotional agility even in tense situations. At a hospital in Los Angeles, temperamental doctors are required to attend “charm school” to decrease their brashness and reduce the potential for lawsuits. The charm school teaches doctors that they must set the tone for their medical residents."



Students thought Chuck Lillis was the best speaker because he had a .7 GPA in college, and then went to Vietnam. He was so relatable.  Several students said they felt so overwhelmed in their first year in college and Chuck helped them realize that it would be OK to flunk out. Like that wouldn’t be a failure. He even tells his sons to get more F’s on their report cards (sounded like he was half-joking). In fact students did flunk out, that unusual experience might actually help them think more creatively, like it helped Chuck. Other students noted that his main theme of “take risks” was a big motivator and encourager to them.  Another student said she really liked his comment that “learning never stops” especially in light of his bad undergrad GPA.  He was a show stopper.  They also loved that his wife just offered to pay for Oregon’s business school on the spot.  He and his wife were in Eugene and were looking at the model and the plans for the business school and she was like, “How much does it cost?” and they were like $50 million. And then she just said, “OK let’s do it.” And Chuck was like “Woah let’s think this through.” And she was like “what is there to think about?”  They also mentioned that his comment about vision was really thought-provoking. Like how he had the vision to turn the cable network into broadband was really inspiring. And how he had the vision to see the future of the financial services company he started. Basically he started two brand new industries, and he was the only one with the foresight to see the potential of these markets.


Also students loved Brian McDonald because he was positive and organized, and a leader in a large company. Rachel Shayne, Brian and Bob were hits because they talked about overcoming adversity and resilience and grit. And they liked that Rachel was an athlete AND really smart and that she cried and said it was OK to fail.  They liked Rachel Shayne’s story about presenting to the billionaire CEO of Alibaba and he told her “Don’t use powerpoint because it has no power and no point.” This was one minute before her powerpoint presentation was supposed to start. They liked Jim Edgar because he was a Republican who campaigned on raising taxes and actually did it. And he predicted Trump would win. They said, “This guy is right about everything.” And they loved his comment that leadership is about convincing people to go somewhere. Jim Packer and Bob Kline were well-received because they encouraged people not to get nervous. To have confidence and be calm. Cindy Carillo was popular because her ringtone was goats bleating, she swore elegantly, and told a gripping story about how she hired a horrible CEO replacement.



I'm working on the #1 and #2 grand challenges in management! And these are the #1 and #2 grand challenges reported by both academics and practitioners!

1. Reduce or eliminate pay inequality due to demographic differences, employee rank, and social class.

2. Reduce or eliminate discrimination on the basis of demographic differences, and increase diversity in the workplace of businesses to better reflect the pool of qualified candidates.

(Banks, Pollack, Bochantin, Kirkman, Whelpley, O'Boyle 2017)

4. expand opportunities for continuing education - (a) Reduce the magnitude of student loan debt; (b) increase the applicability of higher education to create opportunities for students of all ages to pursue life-long learning (college, corporate training, continuing education)

6. Increase employee morale - increase measured levels of employee workplace satisfaction and engagement

7. Reduce the carbon footprint - of corporations, consumers of their products and services through the development of sustainability initiatives.

8. Enhance customer service quality - link marketing metrics (attitudinal, behavioral) to financial and other strategic outcomes to improve measured quality of customer satisfaction

15. Optimize the measurement and development of leaders - (a) Foster an integrative understanding of how leaders and followers, taking into consideration context, can work together more effectively and more efficiently, and (b) leverage this knowledge by implementing training programs that enable leaders to better lead in ways that create value

Banks, G. C., Pollack, J. M., Bochantin, J. E., Kirkman, B. L., Whelpley, C. E., & O’Boyle, E. H. (2016). Management’s Science–Practice Gap: A Grand Challenge for All Stakeholders. Academy of Management Journal, 59(6), 2205-2231.




#Grand challenges (number of responses)Description

Academic and practitioner

1Reduce or eliminate pay inequality (280)Reduce or eliminate pay inequality due to (a) demographic differences, (b) employee rank, and (c) social class

2Reduce or eliminate discrimination (180)Reduce or eliminate discrimination (a) on the basis of demographic differences, and (b) increase diversity in the workplace of businesses to better reflect the pool of qualified candidates

3Reduce or eliminate unethical business practices (180)Reduce or eliminate occurrences of violations (both corporate and in small- and medium-sized businesses) of U.S. and international laws

4Expand opportunities for continuing education (145)(a) Reduce the magnitude of student loan debt; (b) increase the applicability of higher education to create opportunities for students of all ages to pursue life-long learning (college, corporate training, continuing education)

5Leverage technological innovationsLeverage technological innovations to improve (a) the measured quality of, and (b) the number of available jobs

6Increase employee morale (119)Increase measured levels of employee workplace satisfaction and engagement

7Reduce carbon footprint (76)Reduce carbon footprint of (a) corporations, and (b) consumers of their products and services through the development of sustainability initiatives

8Enhance customer service quality (26)Link marketing metrics (attitudinal, behavioral) to financial and other strategic outcomes to improve measured quality of customer satisfaction

Academic only

9Implementation of HRM best practices (115)Facilitate the implementation of current HRM best practices to positively influence employees’ measured perceptions, attitudes, and behaviors

10Reduce or eliminate the management science–practice gap (86)Facilitate an improvement in: (a) knowledge creation, and (b) knowledge transfer to increase measured value for all management stakeholder groups

11Increase economic growth and stability internationally (72)Increase economic growth (i.e., GDP) with the goal of increasing the measured (a) health, (b) nutrition, and (c) income per capita of the world’s developing populations

12Increase the effectiveness of entrepreneurial innovation (55)Increase entrepreneurial innovation in terms of the (a) percentage of successful start-ups, and (b) the measured social as well as environmental impacts of these ventures, particularly in developing countries

13Increase firm value creation for society (54)Increase measured firm value creation for stakeholders through an understanding of the determinants of financial and other strategic outcomes; facilitate a measured awareness and appreciation for the importance of metrics beyond financial outcomes (e.g., social, environmental)

14Increase (reduce) positive (negative) strategic HRM synergies (33)Increase (reduce) positive (negative) synergies among strategic HRM activities in order to improve measured employee welfare (e.g., employee satisfaction and engagement) and organizational functioning (e.g., firm financial performance)

15Optimize the measurement and development of leaders (24)(a) Foster an integrative understanding of how leaders and followers, taking into consideration context, can work together more effectively and more efficiently, and (b) leverage this knowledge by implementing training programs that enable leaders to better lead in ways that create value

16Optimize the measurement and development of creative/innovative employees (20)Establish an understanding of those circumstances under which employee creativity and innovation are desired characteristics, and (b) leverage this knowledge to implement training programs that promote employee creativity and innovation across all organizational-levels

Practitioner only

17Promote employee well-being (68)Increase measured employee well-being, in part, by (a) reducing the average number of hours worked per week, (b), increasing the average amount of paid time off, (c) increasing flexible scheduling, and (d) increasing the measured effectiveness of employee well-being programs

18Reduce costs for companies and consumers (32)Reduce (a) average operating costs for companies and subsequently, (b) costs of consumer goods and services

19Reduce or eliminate global health concerns (25)(a) Establish a list of global illnesses in order of severity, and (b) identify from this list the illnesses that are most important to target with research, to (c) increase measured quality of life for individuals affected by these illnesses (e.g., life expectancies, overall health)

20Reduce employee turnover rates (24)Reduce turnover rates among employees, particularly among (a) young employees, and (b) working parents

21Facilitate the measurement and development of communication in the workplace (16)(a) Identify the jobs and roles where oral and written communication skills are paramount, and (b) leverage this knowledge to implement training programs to help these employees improve the measured quality of their communication skills

22Provide affordable healthcare (14)Provide affordable healthcare insurance to all employees

page 2218

Banks, G. C., Pollack, J. M., Bochantin, J. E., Kirkman, B. L., Whelpley, C. E., & O’Boyle, E. H. (2016). Management’s Science–Practice Gap: A Grand Challenge for All Stakeholders. Academy of Management Journal, 59(6), 2205-2231.


"By far and away the most common grand challenge that respondents reported was with regard to pay equality. Interestingly, the focus on pay equality was equally distributed across areas such as demographic variables (e.g., gender), employee rank, and social class. For example, one respondent said, “Academics need to focus on reducing or eliminating the gender pay gap. By allowing gender equality in pay, it helps stabilize the American economy and grows profits for companies by retaining and attracting important members of the workforce.” Another respondent mentions the importance in equalizing the pay structure across job: “We need to decrease the wage gaps between professions. The income inequality is crippling our nation and only the business world can change that. Some of it is obvious like don’t pay your CEO 300 times your least paid worker but it’s far more complicated than that and will require a lot of effort to do the research and see what makes the most sense.” Several practitioners discussed the need to focus on pay inequality across rank: “The large gap between manager pay and regular worker pay is too large. It creates a natural barrier to normal communication by creating a caste system in the workplace.” Additionally, practitioners made mention of better justification for pay decisions. As one respondent said, “We need to provide more precise guidance on developing HRM systems that will lead to mutual gains between employees and employers. We need better transparency regarding the reasons why certain pay structures are in place. More evidence is vital to help with income inequality.” page 2217

Banks, G. C., Pollack, J. M., Bochantin, J. E., Kirkman, B. L., Whelpley, C. E., & O’Boyle, E. H. (2016). Management’s Science–Practice Gap: A Grand Challenge for All Stakeholders. Academy of Management Journal, 59(6), 2205-2231.



Workplace diversity is viewed as a grand challenge that has been "addressed." "Finally, recognizing the importance of diversity was a topic that came up often in the academic data. Academics named appreciation for diversity as a grand challenge that has been addressed. This category was divided into two general types of responses: (1) recognizing that diversity increases one’s competitive advantage, and (2) having a diverse workforce reduces the likelihood of a lawsuit or accusations of discrimination. As one respondent said: “The value of diversity in organizations has been recognized as a key competitive advantage. Diversity provides equitable opportunities to all human resources and provides access to top tier human capital to drive value creation.” And, as another respondent mentioned: “I think we are more cognizant of the ramifications of dealing with a discrimination lawsuit. Organizations are doing a better job hiring and retaining diverse employees, which will allow them to avoid the headaches of a lawsuit. Whether or not that is the right reason for diversity initiatives in the workplace, it is nonetheless, reducing our reliance on Affirmative Action programs.” Based on this comment, as well as other similar responses, recognizing the importance of diversity has been a grand challenge that has largely been addressed. Yet, more work is needed in this area as the importance of reducing or eliminating discrimination emerged as a future grand challenge for both academics and practitioners." page 2217

Banks, G. C., Pollack, J. M., Bochantin, J. E., Kirkman, B. L., Whelpley, C. E., & O’Boyle, E. H. (2016). Management’s Science–Practice Gap: A Grand Challenge for All Stakeholders. Academy of Management Journal, 59(6), 2205-2231.



Really great article about qualitative methods, "Grand Challenges and Inductive Methods: Rigor without Rigor Mortis"



"It's kind of crazy because people think I got it made just because I got paper. I mean, I do got it made. But it's because I made it myself. Game, game." -Wiz Khalifa


Do little girls who got abandoned by their fathers tend to grow up and abandon men (pre-emptive abandonment)? And do little girls who got abused by their fathers tend to grow up and abuse men (control them before they control me)? - shower thoughts


Gaslighting: Where someone tries to convince you the reality you've experienced isn't true.



Strategy researchers really don't do mediation



What do stoners and prime numbers have in common?

The higher they are the more spaced out they get

- redditor miakhalifa10


Don't hoard talent in high-end industries. Instead encourage professional growth. In professional football, 20 of the NFL's 32 head coaches trained under Bill Walsh of the San Fransisco 49ers or under someone in his coaching tree. From 1994 until 2004, 9 of the 11 executives who worked closely with Larry Ellison at Oracle and left without retiring went on to become CEOs, chairpersons, or COOs of other companies.



"Einstein said the “problem of the Now” worried him seriously. He explained that the experience of the Now means something special for man, something essentially different from the past and the future, but that this important difference does not and cannot occur within physics. That this experience cannot be grasped by science seemed to him a matter of painful but inevitable resignation. So he concluded 'that there is something essential about the Now which is just outside the realm of science.' "



“I think that only now can we finally understand the concept of now. In cosmology, we think of the expanding universe as the continuous creation of new space; the universe continues to grow as the space between galaxies increases. That recognition makes it plausible that in the ongoing expansion, the universe is creating not only new space but also new time. Each newly created moment is what we refer to as now. Let's call this the "Now Hypothesis."”



“Imagine a woman who showed up [to a presidential debate] unprepared, sniffling like a coke addict and interrupting her opponent 70 times. Let’s further imagine that she had 5 kids by 3 men, was a repeated adulterer, had multiple bankruptcies, paid zero federal taxes and rooted for the housing crisis in which many thousands of families lost their homes. Wait… there’s more: she has never held any elected office in her life.” -Michelle Vitali



Got Kidney stones? Ride a roller coaster



Between 2002 and 2009, the murder rate for African-American males in their early 20s significantly exceeded the combat death rate for active duty U.S. soldiers in Iraq and Afghanistan. Making it reasonable to say that African-Americans have been living in a war zone.



Why Etsy engineers send company-wide emails confessing mistakes they made



More women died in car crashes because only male crash test dummies were used until 2011



Et al is like my favorite co-author



Oh snap! ""This is about accountability. You should resign. You should give back the money that you took while this scam was going on, and you should be criminally investigated by both the Department of Justice and the Securities and Exchange Commission. This just isn't right."" -Sen Warren to Wells Fargo CEO Stumpf who resigned after this and turned over control of the company to his lietenant



"For a seed to achieve its greatest expression, it must come completely undone. The shell cracks, its insides come out and everything changes. To someone who doesn't understand growth it would look like complete destruction."  —Cynthia Occelli


Calamity Jane was known for her helpfulness, generosity and wilingness to undertake demanding and even dangerous tasks to help others. She was afflicted with alcoholism and wanderlust (and, perhaps, promiscuity) but, as someone remembered her, "Her vices were the wide-open sins of a wide-open country – the sort that never carried a hurt"



"Did you know that 2 to 3 glasses of wine per day can reduce your chances of giving a shit?" -sign outside of some restaurant


What do you call someone who doesn't fart in public? A private tutor.


Is your name google? Because you have everything I'm looking for.


Kauffman Firm Survey



If you are impulsive, anxiety leads to procrastination. If you aren't impulsive, anxiety is a cue to get working.



Someone from Brazil is Latino (geography south of USA) but not Hispanic (language is Portuguese).


"If you want to improve, be content to be thought foolish and stupid."


Why are rich people more likely to commit suicide than poor people? Because rich people have very little to blame their unhappiness on.



The American suicide belt is comprised of about 10 western states, this sort of wide longitudinal swath running from Idaho and Montana down to Arizona and New Mexico.



70% of Americans but only 10% of Scandinavians believe in the devil



White people getting poorer. Foreign born households saw their incomes increase 4.3 percent while native-born incomes dropped 2.3 percent



The healthy eating movement has really only changed the eating habits of the rich



Even women think men are more creative



UCLA Anderson has 23% female faculty (only 13% of full professors). Harvard's is 25%, Columbia is 17%, UC Irvine and UC San Diego both have more than 40%.



Cognitive bias cheat sheet



How to become CEO? The quickest path is a winding one.



How your body language can tell people you're a leader



Even preschool teachers are racist. The researchers showed 135 teachers a video of four children playing - a black boy and girl and a white boy and girl - and asked them to look for potentially problematic behavior. Here's the catch: there was no challenging behavior in any of the videos.



These companies run mentorship programs that actually work



Studies with mturk workers produce data that is of similar quality to data collected with undergrad students (Horton, Rand & Zeckhauser, 2011)


Insomnia leads to hostility at work, low job satisfaction, high levels of unethical behavior, high levels of cyberloafing, and even abusive supervision behavior by leaders



"I rent all my shoes. I'm deathly allergic to snake venom. My mother is world-famous in Puerto Rico. The secret to my famous spaghetti sauce is jarred tomato sauce. I wrote Kardashian fan fiction five years ago that culminated with Bruce Jenner becoming a woman." -Michael Che



Being rational is not correlated with intelligence. So smart people are as likely to be irrational as non-smart people.



The sources of dysrationality are basically that our default mode is intuition which is lazier, probability is not intuitive, we are selfish and thing our stuff is better than others, and we tend to confirm rather than disconfirm hypotheses



The average debt load for Colorado residents graduating from CU Boulder in FY2015 of $23,797 is lower than the national average of $30,100, and the statewide average of $25,840. CU Pell eligible students have increased by 8 percent since 2012. Further, CU students’ average loan default rate of 3.4 percent is 8 percentage points lower than the national and Colorado averages.



"In short, Republican elected leaders don’t look at all like America’s electorate. Today, 87 percent of House Republicans are white men, compared with just 43 percent of House Democrats. For context, in 2014 just 34 percent of eligible U.S. voters were white men."



The US population quadrupled during the 20th century, at a growth rate of 1.3% a year. From 76 million in 1900 to 281 million in 2000. Minorities are growing fastest with over half of Americans under age 1 belonging to minority groups.



Valve is run like a holocracy - no bosses. Some critics say it is run like high school with the "cool kids" having more say than others.



"If one lights a fire for others, it will also brighten one's own way." - 13th century Buddhist sage


We don't need to be needed, because it's such a burden to have others depend on us. We need to be valued. To know that we matter. That others appreciate us.



Magic Formula Investing Stock Screener



Prevention focused CEOs might be less likely to acquire other companies depending on how much stock option pay they get



"I've been single for a while and I have to say it's going very well. Like, it's working out. I think I'm the one." -some meme


She spent day and night cooking traditional Lakota food (buffalo stew, fry bread, wojapi) for the people on the front lines



Cool song - we both giving more than we both get



"It's better to have loved and lost than to live with a psycho the rest of your life." - some poster


"I'm pretty sure my last words are going to be 'Hold my beer and watch this'" - some poster in Rocket Fizz


Cool descriptions of the 10-5 Colorado victory over Stanford -- "Tractor Pull" and "Rock fight"


Lady Gaga's name is Stefani Germanotta


You will get burned out from helping people if your giving is reactive rather than proactive. Offering meaningful help is energizing, but having it demanded from you is exhausting.



"Crimes of greed are always more newsworthy than crimes of need." Coleman 1987


Press coverage of CEOs is highly skewed with 20% of CEOs generating 80% of the coverage (Hamilton and Zeckhauser, 2004)


Countries such as China which had a silver standard almost avoided the great depression entirely



The rate of suicide for middle aged whites jumped a nearly inconceivable 40 percent in a 10 year span



Consider these figures on suicide from Psychology Today: “Middle aged Americans are turning to suicide in alarming numbers. The reasons include … the mortgage crisis and most importantly, the challenge of a troubled economy. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) claims suicide rates now top the number of deaths due to automobile accidents.”



It’s hard for most of us to understand the power of conspiracy theories. From the outside looking in, belief in such seemingly nonsensical myths makes no sense. But to a mind strapped down by depression being force fed these tales that serve to free a person from guilt and self-loathing, it can make perfect sense. Is that really so different from watching a previously stable person descend into deep depression as a result of long-term economic stress, then avoid “the invitation to die” by latching onto myths that allow them to shift the blame for their failures from themselves to some form of “other?”



"When we were all younger -- many of you are my age and many of you are younger -- but when we were all younger we didn't lose so much, right? We don't win anymore. As a country, we don't win. When I'm president, we're going to win so much. You're going to get tired of winning. you’re going to say, ‘Please Mr. President, I have a headache. Please, don't win so much. This is getting terrible.’ And I'm going to say, ‘No, we have to make America great again.’ You're gonna say, ‘Please.’ I said, ‘Nope, nope. We're gonna keep winning.’- DJTrump



Ellevate network - a network for women related to Ellevest



"The meal is not over when I'm full. The meal is over when I hate myself." -Jim Gaffigan


Racism is bad for your health



farewell left versus right, the contest that matters now is open against closed



Even if "reality" exists, does it matter? "According to evolution by natural selection, an organism that sees reality as it is will never be more fit than an organism of equal complexity that sees none of reality but is just tuned to fitness. Never."



the degree of tanning is directly related to how attractive a young woman is.



Frenchwoman Coco Chanel made tanning fashionable and chic



In Asia light skin is viewed as more attractive - in Ancient China and Japan, pale skin can be traced back to ancient drawings depicting women and goddesses in fair tones.



Unemployment has dropped a TON in Colorado



Who said it? Donald Trump, Stalin, Hitler or Mussolini. Surprisingly, they don’t sound all that different.



Half of Trump supporters believe the WWII Japanese internment camps were a good idea. And 20 percent think freeing the slaves was a bad idea.



Females are lighter in skin color than males



Biden: I tinted all the mirrors orange

Obama: What?

Biden: He won't be able to see himself

Obama: Joe...

Biden: He'll think he's a vampire



Joe: Hey Barack why does Trump wanna ban preshredded cheese?

Barack: Joe please


Barack: I swear to God



Cool review of Motivation



Orwellian worldview:

War is peace

Freedom is slavery

Ignorance is strength



prediction professor who called Trump's big win also made another forecast: Trump will be impeached



Out of four possible ways to respond to a partner's positive news, only one—an "active constructive response"—is good. Couples whose partners respond in any of three less positive ways are at greater risk of calling it quits down the line.



An active constructive response. "That's great, you've earned it, I'm so proud of you!" followed by questions. This conveys enthusiasm, support, and interest.



Marriage masters and disasters: "“There’s a habit of mind that the masters have,” Gottman explained in an interview, “which is this: they are scanning social environment for things they can appreciate and say thank you for. They are building this culture of respect and appreciation very purposefully. Disasters are scanning the social environment for partners’ mistakes.”"



""Disaster" couples showed signs of being in fight-or-flight mode in their relationships. Having a conversation sitting next to their spouse was, to their bodies, like facing off with a saber-toothed tiger."



"Contempt, they have found, is the number one factor that tears couples apart. People who are focused on criticizing their partners miss a whopping 50 percent of positive things their partners are doing and they see negativity when it’s not there."



"When the researchers analyzed the data they gathered on the couples, they saw clear differences between the masters and disasters. The disasters looked calm during the interviews, but their physiology, measured by the electrodes, told a different story. Their heart rates were quick, their sweat glands were active, and their blood flow was fast. Following thousands of couples longitudinally, Gottman found that the more physiologically active the couples were in the lab, the quicker their relationships deteriorated over time."



Conservatives are in the "action-based community" and create their own reality. Liberals are in the "reality-based community" and study facts on the ground. "The aide said that guys like me were "in what we call the reality-based community," which he defined as people who "believe that solutions emerge from your judicious study of discernible reality." I nodded and murmured something about enlightenment principles and empiricism. He cut me off. "That's not the way the world really works anymore," he continued. "We're an empire now, and when we act, we create our own reality. And while you're studying that reality -- judiciously, as you will -- we'll act again, creating other new realities, which you can study too, and that's how things will sort out. We're history's actors . . . and you, all of you, will be left to just study what we do.""



"It's so ironic that people are gearing up for Thanksgiving when Native Americans are being tear gassed and shot with rubber bullets and water hoses as we speak."



Fired Dean Ikenberry on track to earn $459,000 this year for doing nothing. For comparison, the next highest-paid business professor is John Lynch, whose total compensation this year is $450,606, according to salary data provided by the university (not including his $80k summer pay). Next is Jamie Zender, whose total compensation this year is $381,553 (plus an additional $70k summer pay). Chancellor Phil DiStefano's total compensation this year is $449,886 and Moore, the provost, will make $343,061.



Michigan coach Jim "khaki pants" Harbaugh is a "PR tornado" -- where "We’re all waiting to see where he goes, what he tweets or what he says next. He’s thinking, and we want to know what he’s thinking even if we’ll question what the hell he’s thinking afterward."


Edward Alderson - Mr. Robot's dad has the same birthdate as my dad.


At 225% of world domestic product, combined public and private debt outside the financial sector is currently at an all-time high the IMF says. Debt fuels growth but also makes borrowers brittle. World risks vicious cycle of low-growth and deleveraging.



Worldwide private and government debt:

$67 trillion in 2002

$112 trillion in 2007 at the time of the crash

$199 trillion in 2015



China’s total debt has nearly quadrupled over the same period, rising from $7 trillion in 2007 to $28 trillion by mid-2014. The rise, say the authors, has been fuelled by real estate and shadow banking - half of loans are linked to real estate, while nearly half of new lending is attributed to unregulated shadow banking. The country’s debt as a share of GDP stands at 282% - higher than that of the US and Germany.



NFL ratings plunge could spell doom for traditional TV



All of the planets could fit between the earth and the moon



The National Anthem stole its melody from an old British drinking song



Aqib Talib says Donald Trump “may fit in” Broncos locker room



Gilad Chen on the difference between motivating a system versus an individual



Janks_McSchlagg: Serious question, why are track suits so popular with eastern Europeans? ...or is this just a stereotype perpetuated by Americans?

sprinricco: Because it's slick as fuck.

Janks_McSchlagg: Most acceptable answer. Thank you



Gross worldwide product

$40 trillion in 2002

$50 trillion in 2007 at the time of the crash

$75 trillion in 2016



Americans have four freedoms according to FDR:

Freedom of speech

Freedom of worship

Freedom from want

Freedom from fear



America is sick and tired of hearing about liberals' damn bathrooms



Money increases people's focus on the instrumental aspects of others.



Top ranks (both intrinsically- and extrinsically-valuable) and bottom ranks (only extrinsically-valuable) elicit the most unethical conduct relative to intermediate ranks.



"Muy tasty" - some billboard in Austin


Why does Trump lie needlessly?



"it’s a logical flaw to think that if we have to take it seriously, we also have to take it literally."



"I call it conscious realism: Objective reality is just conscious agents, just points of view. Interestingly, I can take two conscious agents and have them interact, and the mathematical structure of that interaction also satisfies the definition of a conscious agent. This mathematics is telling me something. I can take two minds, and they can generate a new, unified single mind. Here’s a concrete example. We have two hemispheres in our brain. But when you do a split-brain operation, a complete transection of the corpus callosum, you get clear evidence of two separate consciousnesses. Before that slicing happened, it seemed there was a single unified consciousness. So it’s not implausible that there is a single conscious agent. And yet it’s also the case that there are two conscious agents there, and you can see that when they’re split. I didn’t expect that, the mathematics forced me to recognize this. It suggests that I can take separate observers, put them together and create new observers, and keep doing this ad infinitum. It’s conscious agents all the way down."



Pepsi had an internal marketing shark tank contest for $1 million in funding - the goal was to increase organizational agility



"Less than half of those diagnosed with a mental health problem had told their current employer"



the City Mental Health Alliance, a London-based organisation that promotes discussion of mental health in the workplace.



A 2015 study by Harvard and Stanford business schools estimated that job-related stress costs the US economy $210 billion a year.



Meshing of offensive coordinators with different personalities key to Colorado Buffaloes’ success



Trump says 81% of gray people are murdered by tan people. Pesky FBI stats say that 82% of murdered gray Americans are murdered by other grays.



Charlie Weis, horrible white coach who keeps getting hired



"The world’s young are an oppressed minority. Unleash them. Young American women are more likely to live with their parents or other relatives than at any time since the second world war."



"Michael Inzlicht, a professor of psychology at the University of Toronto and the principal investigator at the Toronto Laboratory for Social Neuroscience, believes willpower is not a finite resource but instead acts like an emotion. Just as we don’t “run out” of joy or anger, willpower ebbs and flows based on what’s happening to us and how we feel. "



What heals and kills simultaneously? Time. -John Hekman


"Arrival is the death sentence to an athlete. And that's really the paradox of success, that if you think you've gotten there, it goes quickly."



"She won 15% of the land to Trump's 85%"



Hogwart's guide to company culture



"Markets have an innate propensity towards crisis, he said. Left to their own devices, financiers will combat diminishing profits by taking more and more risks."



Sexist men more likely to have mental health problems. "Sexism is a social injustice and it might be harmful to everyone, including the perpetrators of sexism."



Highly controlling people try to control their targets by sending surrogates to talk to their targets, rushing the target to make decisions before they are ready, always ensuring meetings are on their home turf, making interactions super long or super short to confuse/drain their targets, constant lying, constant veiled threats, talking about television shows to make a person feel a certain way, being excessively formal, insulting the target to make them feel bad about themselves, and then of course gaslighting and denying they are doing any of this.  What they don’t realize is that control is an illusion, they can barely control themselves and certainly not others, and the sooner they realize this, the sooner they grow up.



People who feel out of control tend to become controllers. Deep down, they’re afraid of falling apart, so they micromanage to bind anxiety.



VCs are basically all white guys. African Americans make up 3% and Latinos 4% of the venture capital workforce and none of the 217 firms surveyed with more than 2,500 employees had an African-American investment partner.



Male dominance prevents divorce? "Finally, male dominance, but not equality of power between the genders, is associated with greater romantic relationship longevity. More specifically, the higher the relative degree of power attributed by respondents to the male, rather than the female, partner of a dyad, the lower is the subsequent rate of relationship dissolution."



Trump Honors Sacrifices Civil Rights Activists Will Have To Make Under His Presidency



Diversity works because it’s hard to build a national championship team if your players are all point guards.



Are you being gaslighted in your relationship?



"When two people relate to each other authentically and humanly, God is the electricity that surges between them." -Jewish philosopher Martin Buber



Democrats are going to use the Rooney rule to hire staffers



Americans believe that more than a third of immigrants can’t speak English; the real number is less than 10 percent.



Maybe a good TV show- riches to rags type of thing in Canada (where they make cans).



Maybe another good one



How to deal with someone who has Narcissistic personality disorder – basically realize they will never change



"Crash their economy and then condescendingly ask why so many of them are living with their parents" #how to confuse a millennial - @FlyingturkeyNOT


Remember how the alt-right created that lame professor watchlist? I petitioned to get my name added to the list



The US has 5% of the world's population and 25% of its prisoners. Prisoners who learn to code don't go back



“As the proportion of women in a department grew, turnover among women also increased, until the proportion reached 35%”



Only in England: "Find the Bastard who shat down my chimney: Homeowner's flue poo horror"



"All you do is scare and lie to try to get what you want. Don't you get tired?"



Shannon Sharpe: NFL officiating so bad some fans think games are fixed



Trump tweets since election

- Blasting media: 12

- Blasting 'Hamilton': 4

- Blasting people committing hate crimes in his name: 0



"Girls are faster and more accurate than boys in remembering words, according to a 2016 study of cognitive skills and brain function in 3,500 young people ages 8 to 21 by researchers at the Perelman School and the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia. Recalling words quickly is an indicator of language and decision-making skills."



Did historical Jesus really exist? The evidence just doesn’t add up.



The criterion of embarrassment says that if a section would be embarrassing for the author, it is more likely authentic. Unfortunately, given the diverse nature of Christianity and Judaism back then (things have not changed all that much), and the anonymity of the authors, it is impossible to determine what truly would be embarrassing or counter-intuitive, let alone if that might not serve some evangelistic purpose.



Yeah, they are reading everything "To the extent permitted by law, the University reserves the right to access and disclose the contents of faculty, staff, students', and other users' electronic mail without the consent of the user."






"We are lakota sovereign nation, we don't own the land, the land owns us"



What can the Nazis teach us about trump? A lot! "“Outside of Germany people often wonder at the palpable fraudulence of Nazi propaganda, the stupid incredible exaggerations, the ludicrous reticences concerning what is generally known. Who can be convinced by it? They ask. The answer is that it is not meant to convince but to impress. It addresses emotion and fantasy. Nazi propaganda seeks to create in our minds tenacious ideas and fantasies.”"



Morning sickness protects embryos from harmful chemicals and microorganisms in food.



"Some of the tell-tale signs of meth abuse include sores, scabs and acne on the face.  Meth causes many users to feel a crawling sensation under their skin (called “formication”), causing them to pick obsessively at their faces. Heavy meth usage cuts off the supply of blood to all parts of the body, which destroys blood vessels.  The result is acne, sores and scabs that can dramatically alter a meth user’s appearance."



Patients cared for by female doctors fare better than those treated by men



Pick 2: Not blatantly offensive, remotely attractive, interested in you



The best performing stock since Trump's election is Transocean, the driller that operated the Deepwater Horizon rig



Management theory is a bunch of dead ideas: "Productivity growth is dismal in the West, companies are fusing at a furious rate, entrepreneurialism is stuttering, populism is on the rise and the old rules of business are being torn up. Management theorists need to examine their church with the same clear-eyed iconoclasm with which Luther examined his. Otherwise they risk being exposed as just so many overpaid peddlers of dead ideas."



"Researchers Bradley Owens and David Hekman have done groundbreaking research studying humble leadership–from the military to manufacturing to ministry. Through interviews, field research and lab experiments, they’ve concluded that the hallmark of a humble leader is his willingness to admit his mistakes and limitations."



“Women are often found to be more agreeable than men (Feingold, 1994; Costa et al., 2001). This means that women, on average, are more nurturing, tender-minded, and altruistic”



“Women are likely to be higher in Compassion on average”



“Men scored higher in Compassion on average when they completed the measure in the laboratory than when they completed it online.”



Replicating previous findings, women reported higher Big Five Extraversion, Agreeableness, and Neuroticism scores than men.



In letters of recommendation, women get described in communal terms, which means they are LESS likely to get the academic position



CU boulder graduation rate is 71%



Trump is gaslighting America: He lied to us over and over again and then took all accusations of his falsehoods and spun them into evidence of bias



"This generation is so lazy! Get off your ass and start a war! Or ruin the economy or something! How do I send an email!" -@dialupmodem, making fun of baby boomers


"Being a millennial is like inheriting a burning house only to be told it's our fault and we can't handle the heat" -@just-shower-thoughts


"She is a friend of my mind. She gather me man. The pieces I am, she gather them and give them back to me in all the right order." -Toni Morrison, Beloved


What percent of job growth from 2005-2015 was due to contractors and temps? 100% Holy shit.  Welcome to the gig economy.



Barely half of 30-year-olds earn more than their parents did at a similar age, a research team found, an enormous decline from the early 1970s when the incomes of nearly all offspring outpaced their parents.



When CU President George Norlin was ordered by the Klan-controlled governor to rid the university of its Jewish and Catholic faculty, he refused, and CU lost state funding as a result.



Image: Clinton and Trump supporters really don't listen to each other on Twitter



"In the golden California summers before World War II, Sammy Lee, a Korean-American, was just one of the “colored” boys in the Pasadena pool on Wednesdays. That was “International Day,” when Asian, black and Latino children were allowed to swim. After they were gone, the pool was drained and refilled with clean water for the white children who came every other day of the week."



"I'm so modern that everything is pointless"



"Dear daddy I love you so so much. Do you love me so so much. Love Esme"


High class hobbies will help you land a top job unless you are a woman"



Anadarko paid 5.1 billion to the government in the largest environmental settlement ever.



Fecal transplant cured hair loss alopecia



Oh Australia: “Police seek hardened criminal after penis pump is stolen from Mildura sex shop”



Me! Weeeee!



The scourge of racial bias in New York State's Prisons. "In most prisons, blacks and Latinos were disciplined at higher rates than whites — in some cases twice as often, the analysis found. They were also sent to solitary confinement more frequently and for longer durations. At Clinton, a prison near the Canadian border where only one of the 998 guards is African-American, black inmates were nearly four times as likely to be sent to isolation as whites, and they were held there for an average of 125 days, compared with 90 days for whites."



Sexism is the gateway drug to racism



Super cool blog post about teaching predictive analytics to undergrads



Since climate for inclusion was assessed as a unit-level construct, we followed Klein, Conn, Smith, and Sorra’s (2001) procedure and eliminated groups with fewer than three members (also Dwertmann, D.J. and Boehm, S.A., 2016).


P66 owns 25% of the Dakota Access Pipeline



Leadership simulation!

https://game.planetjockey.com/ david.hekman at colorado.edu then freetrial


White people are the most dangerous people in history



Hangover heroes!



Grab-n-go garbage!



Wax your skis!!



They used a drone to film giving students rides!



Holiday joy from chick-fil-a spirit night and donations for Boulder homeless



Cards and candy for kids staying at the Ronald McDonald house!



Sell water after a show - regroup after losing the leader



Created @boulderpups instagram!



Raking leaves -very cute



"The best one ever!" Write christmas cards at the UMC!



Make dog treats and sell them to raise money for the humane society!



Try to survive on just four liters of water for a whole day!



Boulder cleanup, with a drone!



Funny photo booth!



Pizza trucks for muscular dystrophy!



Drive a golf cart around campus for free!



Chocolate and pancakes on campus!



Chocolate covered oreos-- yum!



Care packages for workers! Now with Jesus!



Freerice.com and give out candy canes!



Cards and candy for kids staying at the Ronald McDonald house!



Teaching students about self-defense, Rex-Kwon-Do style! Featuring the student body president!



Collecting donations for domestic violence victims (Safehouse Boulder)



Toys for tots violent pinata smashing - crazy guy at the end!




Teacher loved this and wants more teams! Erin Shea-Bower <erin.shea-bower@bvsd.org>

Teaching fifth graders about saving money and interest! Do it every year!


Boulder creek cleanup - thumbs up!



Charity die tournament



The case against reality



A landmark recent study found that most highly qualified low-income students don’t attend one of the country’s roughly 250 top colleges. Many instead enroll in local colleges with relatively few resources and high dropout rates.



Directory of the women in the Leed's Women's Council



Don't hire stars, grow them!



Open letter to the CU Chancellor about self-acclaimed professional troll Milo Yiannopoulos visiting campus



ICC calculator



"Is grit in the context of leadership simply vision? Both involve persistence and consistency in long-term goals" -Russell to Christina Lacerenza


Humble people are more attractive mates and are less manipulative "These relationship maintenance behaviors are known as mate retention tactics ( Buss, 1988 and Buss and Shackelford, 1997) and range “from vigilance to violence” (Buss, 1988, p. 291). These tactics are often assessed using instruments such as the Mate Retention Inventory (MRI; Buss, 1988 and Buss et al., 2008) which provides a detailed listing of each mate retention behavior. Mate retention tactics range from relatively positive behaviors such as bestowing gifts on the partner to negative behaviors such as violence directed toward the partner or potential romantic rivals. Furthermore, these tactics include behaviors that are both intersexual (i.e., directed toward the romantic partner) and intrasexual (i.e., directed toward potential competitors). There are 19 specific tactics captured by the MRI, which include behaviors such as mate concealment, possessive ornamentation, and violence against rivals (see Shackelford, Goetz, & Buss, 2005 for a review). These 19 tactics are then grouped into five broader mate retention strategies: direct guarding (i.e., vigilance, concealment of mate, and monopolization of time), intersexual negative inducements (i.e., jealousy induction, punish mate’s infidelity threat, emotional manipulation, commitment manipulation, and derogation of competitors), positive inducements (i.e., resource display, sexual inducements, appearance enhancement, love and care, and submission and debasement), public signals of possession (i.e., verbal possession signals, physical possession signals, and possessive ornamentation), and intrasexual negative inducements (i.e., derogation of mate, intrasexual threats, and violence against rivals)."



Amazing popular press review of humility research



Perceived diversity is in the eye of the beholder, and depends on the demographics of the rater - in ARP paper Phoenix has


Diversity is all difference (personality, function, intelligence, education, background, sexual preference) but we focus our research only on visible differences (race and gender)


"What if racism got reduced by calling white people “gray” and black people “tan." Gray/tan are equally favorable, whereas black/white is pretty much synonymous with bad/good." -Swimming pool thoughts


Gray people just love touching tan people's hair



“What do we want from our mothers when we are children?...All we want from our mother is for her to admit for once that she is your mother, and only your mother, and that her battle with the rest of life is over.” [quote from today's NPR interview with Zadie Smith about her new novel]


Dylsexia is word blindness



"Leaders must be persuasive in communication, strategic in thought, decisive in action" - Terri Fiez


"Be thankful for the bad things because they opened your eyes to the good" -Terri


"Know what you know and what you don't know" - Faisal Shah


Cyborg Olympics!



A few years ago, behavioral economist Dan Ariely conducted a study at a semiconductor factory of Intel's in Israel. Workers were given either a $30 bonus, a pizza voucher or a complimentary text message from the boss at the end of the first workday of the week as an incentive to meet targets. (A separate control group received nothing.) Pizza, interestingly, was the best motivator on the first day, but over the course of a week the compliment had the best overall effect, even better than the cash.



Viruses are the most common organism in the ocean and help control cycles of essential inputs to healthy ecological functioning (Suttle, 2007).


"I like your quiet sleepy house. But I don't want to fall asleep because I want to stay awake and hang out with you." -Esme


You hear that sick beat on the radio at Wendy's and you're like "please let it be ice ice baby"... but nope it's always "under pressure" –me at Wendy’s


There’s two types of people in the world: Those who hear the word “stop” and immediately think “Hammertime” and those who immediately think “collaborate and listen.” –some funny guy


“Modification indices suggested allowing correlated errors between the first and third diversity climate items, which can occur for items with similar content (McKay, Avery, Liao & Morris, 2011).”


“Although the fact that disgruntled employees more readily declined to complete surveys, missing data at the extreme score ranges reduce statistical power to detect significant interaction effects (McClelland and Judd, 1993; McKay, Avery, Liao & Morris, 2011).”


“’Top-box’ or ‘strongly-agree’ responses on customer satisfaction surveys are important to companies, particularly in competitive consumer markets such as retailing. According to Jones and Sasser (1995), firms can be distinguished as those who provide completely satisfactory service (i.e. strongly agree responses) versus those that provide merely satisfactory service (i.e. agree responses). Also minority representation among sales associates was strongly correlated with the proportion of minority customers at each store (r = .92), which is consistent with past research (Stoll et al., 2000).” (McKay, Avery, Liao & Morris, 2011)


More and more employees are temporary, forming the new “gig economy” (Riley & Buckley, 2008).


The lightest skin color immigrants to the U.S. earned on average 17% more than their darker-skinned counterparts, and taller immigrants also earned higher wages as well (Hersch, 2008).


“Yes master my mistake” –Jude


“Hey bucket! The mop is here! Where’s my bucket?” –David (mop) talking to me (bucket) on skype while playing League of Legends


“You bring this ridiculous level of energy to the basketball court that is totally inappropriate for the moment. When you weren’t there, I tried to pretend I was you but it’s just too exhausting, and I gave up after 10 minutes. It’s so quiet without you. You’re needed Dave.” –Kent Cruger


Research idea: What if we call white people “gray” and black people “tan”? 


““There was a guy who was deathly ill in the hospital and the doctor took the man’s wife out in the hall and told her that her husband would die unless she adored him and nurtured him and totally supported him. She went back in the room and her husband asked what the doctor told her. She told her husband, “He said you’re gonna die.”” –My dad


“I gave her my heart but she wanted my soul.”  -Every married guy ever


“Can I have it all? Like a career and a family?” –No straight male ever


Research idea: Does percent female teachers in a discipline (i.e. STEM fields) predict percent female students? Is this causal?


“In the video game RUST, players who try to buy and sell (i.e. “role-players”) get targeted by the others in the game who just want to fight (i.e. “pvp-ers”). So there are people trying to do economy and grow and get rich through trade and people trying to get rich through killing and stealing.  Economy is about teamwork, promotion focus, growth and using one’s skills, and the war type of players are about individual-effort, killing, violence, fear, and prevention focus. Role-players get targeted by the PVP players – PVP players are threatened by the role-players and target and humiliate them.” –Jude


“Dad, I wish I had 10 younger sisters so I could show them all how much more you love me than them.” –Esme (age 5)


"Assessment centers value intelligence, extraversion and openness to experience. But not conscientiousness, agreeableness and emotional stability. So they value getting ahead traits, not getting along traits." -Prof Brian Hoffman


"Why Are There So Many Theories?" a Classroom Exercise To explain why there are so many management theories – basically each theory is a new tool in your toolbox



To check a PDF or HTML file for errors in statistical reporting, upload it below.

More information on this program is available here.



"So hiring on culture fit is good early on but dangerous over time, and the reason is that when you hire on culture fit, you bring in people who tend to think exactly the same way that you do. It’s code for, OK, I’m going to have people who share my values. And that means weeding out cognitive diversity."



"etymologically, the words “community” and “immunity” are actually symmetrical reflections of one another: community connotes contagion, contamination, being-together, shared burdens, reciprocal commitment, mutual care, the simultaneity of survival and destruction, and a lack of individual identity.  By contrast, “immunity” signifies borders, separation, neutralization, independence, non-interaction, non-commonality.  As such, the immunization paradigm refers broadly to societal processes which exempt people from commonality." -Phoenix Van Wagoner's brother


A group of superchickens just plucks each other to death, but a group of average chickens out performs the group of superchickens



"Communities are united by subtraction instead of addition, loss instead of gain, and obligation instead of privilege.  Mutual care is the core of such a community and the munus, or shared burden, is what the immunization paradigm seeks to eliminate.“ -Phoenix Van Wagoner's brother


Coefficient alpha should really be above .9, not .7



"Joy is the holy fire that keeps our purpose warm and our intelligence aglow".      ~Helen Keller


"Dennis Quaid is the dad of Hollywood; Tom Hanks is the dad of America." -Ali Smith



When people laugh they always look at person they are closest to or the person they want to be closest to



“Cambria is the new Serif.” – Ali Smith


Room reservation website for future reference: https://vems1.colorado.edu/Default.aspx


Graphic design is my passion meme



“Racing stripes” is about a girl who rides a Zebra. Sounds amazing.



Noses and ears never stop growing



As of January 2016 , the largest known prime number is 2^74,207,281 − 1, a number with 22,338,618 decimal digits. It was found in 2016 by the Great Internet Mersenne Prime Search (GIMPS). (2^n - 1 is likely the largest prime number)



Economic booms increase death rates because of increased pollution and alcoholism



High-trust organizations have five key elements:

Competence, Openness and Honesty, Concern for Employees, Reliability and Identification).



Paypal mafia "I think if you look at the post-PayPal mafia companies, or startups, the ideas were all very different," Sacks said. "Yelp, Youtube, Yammer, LinkedIn, the list goes on and on — they're all pretty different products. So, I think every founder had a very different product idea, but I think some of the techniques they learned and the playbook, how you get a startup to scale, I think was something they learned at PayPal, and had the confidence to do because of PayPal."



Justice is all about promotion focus, injustice is all about prevention focus



Family leave actually hurts female faculty’s chances of tenure (22% decrease) and helps men’s chances of tenure (19% increase). This is because women use family leave to take care of the kids, while men use family leave to do research.



"All motivation theories basically imply that more of the construct is better, like with goal setting more goals are better, with expectancy theory, more valence, instrumentality and expectancy are better. But not with equity theory. Everyone expects fairness, and when it's not fair or equitable, everyone gets angry.  So less equity is bad.  More just gets you to zero." Prof. Terry Mitchell


"The universe is full of magical things patiently waiting for our wits to grow sharper."    ~ Eden Phillpotts


"Three things really helped the Foster phd program 1. Alaska Airlines donated 500,000 miles to phd students for travel. 2. We increased phd student pay by $7,000. 3. Mike Johnson really helped grow the program -- I'm really impressed with the training MSU grads receive." -Prof. Terry Mitchell


When you need to reserve a team room, you can now do so at https://vems1.colorado.edu

Step-by-step instructions for team room reservations are located here: https://vems1.colorado.edu/images/koblhtm/images/VEMS-QRGforTeamroomsLeeds.html


Murderball.  It depicts the members of the US quadriplegic rugby team as they prepare for an international competition.  As the back of the CD states, Murderball is "a film about tough, highly competitive rugby players: Quadriplegic rugby players...[It] tells the story of a group of world-class athletes unlike any ever shown on screen...it will smash every stereotype you ever had about the disabled...most of all, it is a film about standing up, even after your spirit -- and your spine -- has been crushed."


"For instance, experimentally inducing people’s system justification motive leads to increasingly negative evaluations of business-oriented women when few women are perceived to currently be leaders in business (Kay et al., 2009)."



"First, building on Lerner’s (1980) justworld theory, empirical work emerging from the perspective of SJT shows that people tend to lionize winners and derogate losers, attributing their success or failure to their own dispositions, such as their intelligence or laziness (Kay et al., 2005)."



"Laurin and colleagues (2010) provide evidence that when people’s system-justification motive is heightened, they increasingly rationalize and defend the gender wage gap, increasingly attributing it to differences in the abilities that men and women possess"



"Perceived system dependence, or the degree to which individuals believe that their personal outcomes are contingent on a given system, has been demonstrated to enhance people’s tendency to justify and defend that system (Kay et al., 2009; Van der Toorn et al., 2014, 2011)"



Smiling makes you happier and healthier



Google's head of HR argues that a top-notch engineer is worth "300 times more than an average engineer"



"Great companies combine a strong sense of identity with a fierce hostility to groupthink. Andy Grove, a CEO of Intel, advised CEOs to balance the sycophants they inevitably attract by cultivating “Cassandras” who are “quick to recognise impending change and cry out an early warning”. These Cassandras are often middle managers who “usually know more about upcoming change than the senior management because they spend so much time ‘outdoors’ where the winds of the real world blow in their faces”. GE insists that its high-flying executives, most of whom are engineers by training, take courses in painting in order to “loosen them up” a little."



Job applicants are viewed to be creative to the extent they are similar to the person hiring them (i.e. generalist applicants are judged highly creative by generalist hiring managers, and specialist applicants are judged highly creative by specialist hiring managers). Interestingly, the authors go on to suggest that one of the best predictors of whether an applicant will be judged highly creative is whether the applicants' parents were college graduates, implying that higher socio-economic status is viewed to be a strong signal of creativity.



"I'm really worried Trump will win. I mean his foreign policy knowledge is horrible. All he knows is that Putin is a good guy, which is just crazy. The president drives 99% of foreign policy and can get us into a war before Congress can get its pants on in the morning. There's just so many Americans who will vote for Trump but are embarrassed to admit it, so he's under-polling. This is really scary."- Former IL Republican Governor Jim Edgar (the only recent IL Gov to not go to jail) talking to my students on Friday in October 2016


Tony Hayward

2007-2010: CEO of BP

2011: founder of Vallares

2011: CEO of Genel Energy

2013: chairman of Glencore


“Markets make great tools but lousy religions.” -Prof Jeff York


"Temporal discounting refers to the tendency to prefer smaller gains in the present and discount

larger gains in the future (e.g., spending money on a desired product in the present rather than

saving and investing that money for larger gains in retirement)."


"Ted Bundy looks like a CEO, but he chops you up."-Prof Brian Hoffman


Do the same people who disbelieve in evolution, global warming also disbelieve the business case for diversity? - SJ


"Individuals with strong dark side characteristics (psychopathy, narcissism, machiavellianism) can trick assessment centers. Socially skilled jerks are the winners at assessement centers." -Prof Brian Hoffman


"Humility is viewed as a weakness for generic "business leaders" but is viewed as a strength for "my leader"."


Wise psychological interventions have a BIG impact "What did that compliment mean to you?"



The article is about the benefits of loneliness. Links it to social awareness and empathy. Being lonely is high risk, high reward. I bet there is something here with leaders.



Seven behaviors of compassionate leaders



Growth mindset helps freshmen



Cool workplace incivility article



Professor salary info



80% of people think bad weather makes employees less productive, but the opposite is true - bad weather makes people more productive.



Academic Job Hunter Tips



MetaBUS is like a meta-analysis of all business research that managers can use



People expect positive interactions with high status people, and expect negative interactions with high power people




Diversity interventions


Gender quotas encourage more competent women to apply because women hate competing with men, but are ok with competing with other women. "Faced with a male and female combined competition, only 31 percent of women chose to compete. But faced with a contest that guaranteed a winning spot to a woman, over 80 percent of women entered."


Female board membership is positively related to accounting measures, but not market-measures of firm performance

sex differences in rewards (d = .56) (including salary, bonuses, and promotions) were 14 times larger than sex differences in performance evaluations (d = .04), and that differences in performance evaluations did not explain reward differences between men and women. 

women board members are more effective in male-dominated industries in reducing both the frequency and severity of fraud.

Gender faultlines lead to less loyalty, but task faultlines lead to more loyalty.  But the bad effects of gender faultlines are reversed and the good effects of task faultlines are enhanced when there is a strong diversity climate


Self-reliant female leaders are rated better than self-reliant male leaders



Black CEOs get penalized with lower customer satisfaction ratings only when the building are low quality. Customers take out their bias against the building



Amplification in the advertising business



Failed CEOs who are still CEOs





Lord John Browne, Baron of Madingley, was removed as CEO of BP in 2007 because of a refinery explosion under his watch. John was replaced by his lieutenant, Tony "America's most hated man" Hayward, who sold 1/3 of his BP shares one month before the 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill (perhaps the earth's greatest ecological disaster). Tony was fired for saying he "wanted his life back" and racing his yacht around the Isle of Wight during the spill. BP stock price dropped over 60% during his three-year tenure as CEO. He is currently board chairman of a large oil company (Glencore Xstrata, stock price down over 40% since he became chairman) and CEO of another (Genel Energy, stock price has dropped 88% since he took over). Bob Dudley (Tony Hayward's lieutenant) replaced Tony in 2010 and BP stock price has dropped 20% since. I'll bet the next BP CEO will be a woman...


Inclusion events are invisible, exclusion events are excruciating. Again this reminds me of what happens with globalization of trade – winners from globalization are invisible (we all get to buy jeans a dollar cheaper) and losers are highly visible (domestic workers at jean factories laid off).  With both globalization and diversity, we expand the pie, but some get a smaller portion of the pie. The parallels are striking. Expanding the trading and talent pool is better for society (drawing products/ talent from 100% of the population, not just 31%), but can be very painful for the old guard.



Our diversity talk~ starts at 13:00



Another one of our talks



Really good compendium of articles about inclusion



A scale of inclusive leader behavior (new iq) that the government uses. Looks like a good start. Probably too many dimensions though.



"If we are going to celebrate diversity, then I think we have to be OK with inequality. Because celebrating differences means people get to be individuals and there will be performance differences." -Prof. Terry Mitchell


Breaking down every NFL coaching job in 2016




Xmen initial scenes about feeling excluded

Gran Torino - Clint Eastwood

Monster - Charlize Theron


"Fletcher’s (1998, 1999) study, this work done by women was also underappreciated due to gender bias and power differences associated this work, which caused women’s contributions to disappear or remain invisible."



"Feminist pedagogy suggests that women may have different “ways of knowing”—acquiring and transforming knowledge differently than men— due to their socialization and self-concept"



"Thus inclusive leadership simultaneously creates uniqueness and belonging (Prime & Salib, 2014) to develop relationships at all levels of the organization so that tasks can be accomplished for mutual benefit (Hollander, 2012) and deliver long-term results. In other words, achieving effective inclusive leadership means “doing things with people, rather than to people” (Hollander, 2012, p. 3)."



"Feminist poststructuralist approaches to learning suggest that by gaining self-awareness in relation to their gender identity, women may be able to use experiences of invisibility and visibility as a skill in which they intentionally deploy (in)visibility—both visibility and invisibility used at times when one or the other will have the most social impact—to counter gender stereotypes (Stead, 2013). Deploying (in)visibility in this way engages women in knowing when to fit into a social context to “play the game” (Stead, 2013, p. 73) potentially making their gender identity invisible, and when to make their gender identity visible to create appropriate disruption of the norm and opportunity for learning (Stead, 2013)."



“This shift is captured in the tensions between the debate as to whether pedagogy is teaching for knowledge or creating learning through experience (Beetham & Sharpe, 2013). In feminist pedagogy, the role of educators is not to provide expert knowledge, but to provide an environment where knowledge can be socially constructed, drawing out what students already know (Maher & Tetreault, 1996). Thus the way in which learning is created in feminist methods may better align with developing leaders for a postmodern world of interconnectedness in which leadership is understood through a “relational, social, and situated perspective through a process of becoming” (Edwards, Elliott, Iszatt-White, & Schedlitzki, 2013, p. 5). Becoming a leader—or developing a leadership identity—then cannot be considered in isolation from the social connections and relationships that foster it.”



Idea - silos result from not enough organizational relationships (Andriani & McKelvey, 2009), and women focus on being relational leaders, so women leaders focus on "relational leadership approaches because these are the challenges that women face in their ongoing experiences in organizations. If this is the case, we might recommend that leadership development as a whole should forsake the traditional masculine based leadership development of old and ring in the new age of feminist pedagogy for inclusive leadership!"



Cover story: Minorities, women still strive for inclusion



BlindedHR makes the hiring process blind



"Power is zero-sum-- control for one person means less for another. But status isn't. The more respect you give to others, the more you earn." -Prof Adam Grant



"If you're a white woman in a company that's at least 40% women - emphasizing and celebrating everyone's differences was found to reduce attrition. However, if you're in a smaller minority - less than 5% - then the opposite was true. Emphasizing equality reduced attrition, and celebrating differences actually increased it."



Most businesses around the world feel diversity is very important but they feel unprepared to make their businesses more diverse



Most black male high school dropouts have served time in prison



Preventing employers from asking about criminal history actually INCREASES racism against black people because employers assume black people are criminals



Academic papers get cited about 5-10% more when coauthors are from different countries



Don't worry ladies, men declare sexism is over!



The best teams have high levels of psychological safety. The way to create psychological safety is to share something personal (like health issue, breakup, etc).



Practical steps that P66 HR executives want to do to increase the “visible aspects of diversity”
-Have two women/POC on every slate of candidate finalists
-Blind resume reviews
-Diverse selection teams/committees
-Training/workshops for recruiting staff, functional recruiters, hiring managers
-Merit pay has to be attractive to different demographics
-Communicate “potential” status to high potential employees
-Targeted leadership programs for women and POC
-Increase workplace flexibility
-Onsite childcare

Replace the word "inclusion" with "essential"


"My conclusion is that there is no general information about coverage of Diversity and Inclusion in B-School courses." - Prof. David Kravitz


Ethnically diverse companies are 35% more likely to have financial returns above their respective national industry medians (McKinsey’s recent report -- Hunt, Layton, & Prince, 2015)


Unlike White employees, ethnic minority employees constantly reference the fit between their ethnic self and work environment (Chrobot-Mason & Thomas, 2002).

MA just made it illegal to ask for salary history this month

US govt did the same with federal jobs

Marc Benioff of salesforce fixes pay gap

Facebook gives hiring managers double points for hiring a woman/nonwhite person (which seemed to fail)

Ellen Pao bans salary negotiations at Reddit

Rooney rule implemented in 2003 - must have at least one nonwhite finalist for head coaching position. But now in 2016 80 of the NFL's current 85 offensive coordinators, quarterbacks coaches and offensive quality control coaches are white, including all 37 with the word "quarterback" in their titles.

Publicly posting demographic numbers for each department. Accountability works. "Once managers realized that employees, peers, and superiors would know which parts of the company favored whites, the gap in raises all but disappeared."

Mandatory diversity training, job tests and grievance systems are actually worse for workplace diversity than doing nothing at all. They backfire- making people more racist and sexist than before.

Diversity initiatives that actually work: voluntary training, college recruitment efforts targeted on untapped talent pools (women, minorities), mentoring programs, diversity task forces, and hiring a diversity manager. Why? Because these things promote contact with women/minorities, engagement with women/minorities, and accountability for hiring/promoting women/minorities. 

Mandatory diversity training, job tests and grievance systems are actually worse for workplace diversity than doing nothing at all. They backfire- making people more racist and sexist than before.

Diversity initiatives that actually work: voluntary training, college recruitment efforts targeted on untapped talent pools (women, minorities), mentoring programs, diversity task forces, and hiring a diversity manager. Why? Because these things promote contact with women/minorities, engagement with women/minorities, and accountability for hiring/promoting women/minorities. 

High potential woman executives are getting paid more than high potential male executives, especially in consumer goods and service industries


"By adapting the on-site training program to suit disabled job-seekers and by working closely with local agencies for people with disabilities, Walgreens was able to hire beyond its 30 percent target. What’s more, the company found that the center operated 20 percent more efficiently compared to others in its fleet, citing increased productivity, lower turnover and a highly motivated workforce."

Results Only Work Environment (ROWE) was designed for women to give them more flexibility at work, but everyone loves it.
"Sodexo did a big internal study and 42 percent of our teams are not gender balanced (had less than 40% women) but the gender balanced teams had 4% more engagement, 5% more brand recognition, and 23% higher profits." - Dr. Rohini Anand, Sodexo Inc

The girl scouts offer a negotiation badge

Boston is training 85,000 women to negotiate

The American Bar Association makes it misconduct to call women honey or use sexist language in court


Insight: For every incident of discrimination there is an equal incident of privilege. As a white man I need to talk about privilege and as a Latina Stefanie should talk about discrimination.

"Anyone who wants to be a leader has to go for it. But do women have to go for it more covertly?" - some wise person at the Wharton conference 2016

Research Idea from Nate Fast (USC) - Diversity conversation prototyping based on the person who initiates the conversation (majority or minority) and the tone and the content.

Berkeley had a diversity problem (only 29% of MBAs were women) and they did a bottom-up approach where students tried to solve it and increased the numbers to 43%. Harvard did a top-down diversity approach. The consensus is that people don't like to do diversity so it has to be imposed upon them. Top down is best.

"Women tend to realize gender bias exists when they have kids" PSU Prof Aparna Joshi
“Transparent performance metrics could be a way to remove bias from performance ratings.” –Prof. Katherine Klein

“The main thing I took away from your talk was that white men are the only ones who can really gin up the conversation on race and gender bias.” –Prof Andy Cohen

This is how you get people to see common ground. Talk about common experiences of being excluded.

Amazing video of the process in action here:

Autistic woman figures out how to help cattle get washed and killed efficiently

Male leadership "fits with" hierarchical networks, female leadership "fits with" cohesive networks.

Coke posts diversity numbers online

"Behaviors that promote team diversity inhibit team inclusion" - me

"Similarities attract, opposites enlighten." -me

"Emotion is the bridge between thought and body. Thoughts produce emotions, which affect the body, and actions produce emotions which affect thoughts." -Eckhart Tolle, wise dude


"Racism is sustained by the denial of racism" - some dude at AOM Anaheim bathroom to some other dude (not me srsly lol)


People think generic business leaders shouldn't be humble

Lucy Kelleway, Listen to Lucy FT

If your boss is a different race than you, you will get rated worse

Coke has 17% women employees and about a 10% turnover rate.

Organizations that have "diversity structures" -- employee recruitment and promotion strategies targeting underrepresented groups, and practices that indicate that valuing and promoting diversity are priorities of the organization, actually tend to have more discriminatory employees. Employees think diversity is taken care of so they stop caring about it.

Coke really focused on increasing diversity after a $193 million lawsuit in 2000

Job patterns for women and minorities in the U.S.

About a third of U.S. firms have self-managed teams for core operations, and nearly four-fifths use cross-training, so these tools are already available in many organizations.

Accountability works. "Once managers realized that employees, peers, and superiors would know which parts of the company favored whites, the gap in raises all but disappeared."

Women tend to under-rate themselves

Mandatory diversity training, job tests and grievance systems are actually worse for workplace diversity than doing nothing at all. They backfire- making people more racist and sexist than before.

Diversity initiatives that actually work: voluntary training, college recruitment efforts targeted on untapped talent pools (women, minorities), mentoring programs, diversity task forces, and hiring a diversity manager. Why? Because these things promote contact with women/minorities, engagement with women/minorities, and accountability for hiring/promoting women/minorities. 

"The average chess game has about 40 moves per player, and lasts three hours. The iphone is a grandmaster chess player basically. A game with zero mistakes means the game is a draw." - Prof. Diego Garcia

"In chess, experts are least likely to make a blunder if they are slightly ahead (half a pawn ahead)" -Finance Prof. Diego Garcia

Dan Ariely sent John Lynch (colleague here at Leeds) a Freud action figure doll and considers John his ego and super ego

KPMG found that its clients with onsite child-care earned a return on investment (ROI) of 125 percent.

employees who have kids in onsite daycare at Patagonia are 25% less likely to quit

American business leaders provide paid family leave to just 11% of U.S. workers.

Defensive oriented teams are focused externally, offensive focused teams are focused internally

Highly intelligent groups tend to engage in a lot of diverse activities and have ongoing theoretical tensions

6th graders in the richest school districts are 4 grade levels ahead of kids in the poorest districts

bosses guide men in improving skills and guide women in improving styles

National Diversity Day is October 2 - what is your diverse superpower?

Genetic diversity and economic development (inverted-U)

Very homogenous and very heterogenous NHL teams perform best (U-shaped relationship between diversity and performance)

"white men in Europe and the United States are the beneficiaries of the single greatest affirmative action program in the history of the world. It is called "the history of the world.""

Feeling trusted is emotionally exhausting for employees 

"Self-affirmation improves self-control by promoting higher levels (vs. lower levels) of mental construal."  To affirm yourself just write for a minute about why your top value is so important to you. Then you can persist longer on difficult tasks  (like sticking your hand in freezing water)

"Women are not broken and men are not the problem." -NCWIT tagline, the problem is how we interact with each other

Need to teach people how to have critical conversations

Roundpeg is like eharmony for employer/employee

"I want to know where that idea came from because I like how that person thinks and they might have other good ideas." -Julie Imig

"What would happen if we just added women, and didn't get rid of guys at the top?" -Julie Imig

"That forces otherness on people who are already feeling othered” – Jan Combopiano

Flip the script – words that hurt women:
“needs gravitas – means not me” 
“needs presence” 
“helpful” is code for “not leader”  
“is judgmental”

Americans now think it's ok to say what they really think about race


"We all want 'equality' for only our own group." -Prof. Stefanie Johnson

"All groups are equal, but some are just more equal than others." -Prof. Russell Cropanzano

"Some D&I practitioners are discouraged, some just want to keep their jobs. Few are really focused on changing things." - May Snowden

"Many black boys essentially drop out of school by third grade because they have so much self-hate for being on the bottom of the social hierarchy." -May Snowden

There's lots of diversity, homeowner vs renter, north vs south, white vs black, staff vs line, faculty vs staff, revenue generator vs support, elite vs non-elite, introvert vs extravert, etc.  Religion has a lot to do with these deep, deep beliefs about difference.  Arguments for race and gender diversity sound like arguments in favor of free trade and NAFTA (pie gets bigger).

Way bigger percentages of people die from inter-tribal warfare than modern warfare

Labels are for cans, not for people. Cool Coke commercial

"I want to see everyone connected to everyone in the world." -May Snowden

Is Trump just Archie Bunker?

Feminine Leadership or Inclusive Leadership? Women are afraid to use their strengths.

"Affinity groups at P66 - make people feel more included. Sonja Reed is A-MA-ZING (head of HR at P66)" - Trisha.

"If an avocado is ugly, then I am suspicious of it and throw it out if it tastes even a little bit weird. That is like diversity. If a person is a woman or brown and does something a little weird, then we throw them out." -Stefanie

Paper ideas with Stefanie
-paper floor
-facial reactions to nonwhite/women mistakes
-feminine leadership


Diversity/immigration has visible losers/costs and invisible winners/gains.
"If you mix ignorance and optimism you are guaranteed to be a success." -Mark Twain

"Countries can have universalist values, open borders or a welfare state. Pick two of the three." -Russell

White women taught black children to read

CDOs (Chief Diversity Officers) are overwhelmed with putting out fires. Some are marginalized. They come from HR and HR has never been focused on profitability. If you are focused on profits, no one takes you seriously. HR needs to be strategic.  Black and white women can bond because they are both women. Black and white men can bond over sports. At Kodak, I reduced barriers by having bosses and workers eat in the same room. This was a big change and broke down divisiveness. 


"... the role incongruity principle allows for prejudice against male leaders, to the extent that there exist leader roles whose descriptive and injunctive content is predominantly feminine. Because leadership is generally masculine, such leader roles are rare...." (Eagly & Karau, 2002; p. 576)  

Contrary to popular belief, Fortune 1000 board seats held by women not monopolized by an elite group of individuals


Predicting success at Google: Men who rate their competence 4/5 become stars, women who rate their competence 5/5 become stars

Women build support networks within a company and then lose it when they transfer to a new company

Catalyst has an online training about how to be an inclusive leader using the EACH model edx.org, catalystx.org.


"The Rooney rule has been criticized for not bringing lasting change"

Black NFL coaches earn $26.3 million in a 20-year career vs $49.7 million for white coaches

"We find no evidence that the Rooney rule reduced the racial disparity in assistant coach promotion rates"

Don't be color blind, be color brave

"You politically correct brah?"

Sweden has more Olympic medals than China

Blacks are 13% of the population and earn nearly 40% of our Olympic medals

"By adapting the on-site training program to suit disabled job-seekers and by working closely with local agencies for people with disabilities, Walgreens was able to hire beyond its 30 percent target. What’s more, the company found that the center operated 20 percent more efficiently compared to others in its fleet, citing increased productivity, lower turnover and a highly motivated workforce."

ABC has the first black president to helm the entertainment division of a major network (Channing Dungey).

Want to score more goals in soccer? Make sure you have lots of different languages spoken on your team

Tom Falk, CEO of Kimberly Clark made it his mission to make sure that women have equal opportunity. He would tell people “We all needed help to get here. You are going to help people and they won’t look like you. And you say you want the best people but all your candidates are white men – how can that be.”

“It not rest of the world, it most of the world…Don’t tell me the business case for diversity. Diversity is about people.” –Lord John Brown gay, Jewish former CEO of BP

GAP is the catalyst award winner last year and they are training 100,000 women in east asia on basic math skills.

Unconscious bias can make minorities feel more marginalized and make majority members feel hopeless. Need instead to focus on the positive – inclusion culture

BMO in Canada – every other board seat is filled by a woman.

“Corporate culture is built on a man having a wife at home” –Jan Combopiano from catalyst

Ethical leadership is inclusive leadership according to Thomas Mack

“For every David executive that gets replaced by a Susan executive, the David’s double down and get super scared because of the corporate culture of survivability” –Citi HR exec

If we rewarded leadership teams instead of individual leaders, then we could diversify the highest levels of corporate America because executives would all want the best executives on their team (like sports got diverse because of team culture with clear performance metrics).

Research ideas
How do you get diverse candidate slates if you don’t know the race and gender of the candidates?
Are people scared about the legal aspects of diversity? “We can’t talk about this (race/gender) or we will get sued”
How can we change what we can’t see?
How can we teach people how to have conversations about diversity?
How does “covering” and not being able to bring your authentic self to work affect productivity?
How does leader awareness of gender and race issues affect team performance and inclusion culture?
How would a blind career fair work? What would it do?
Does resume scraping and resume blinding increase nonwhite and female hires?
Do skip-level meetings with women and minority employees increase a culture of inclusion?
How are executive champions of women/minority ERGs viewed?
Where’s the manual for becoming more diverse and inclusive as an organization?
How do friendships at work affect the culture of inclusion?
What percent of employee time do people think about how their actions will be judged harshly by others (80% for women and POC)?
Whether and how gender balanced teams out perform their non-gender balanced counterpart teams
How would having team members taking turns leading a meeting affect the culture of inclusion?
What if people handed out physical disks (or electronic points in an app) in meetings to people who made a good point and then everyone counted up their disks at the end of the meeting to keep score? Would that enable women to get more credit for their ideas?

“Need to put the medicine in the applesauce when it comes to diversity training” –Citigroup HR executive

Ruth Bader Ginsberg said that Equality on the Supreme Court is when all nine justices are women and no one cares, because for decades all justices were men and no on cared.

What do parking lot lights mean for women and brown band aids mean for minorities?

"The significant problems we face cannot be solved at the same level of consciousness we were at when we created them." -Albert Einstein

Talking about job candidates actually dampened diversity

The addictive personality might have evolved for leadership. "So, when searching for your organization’s next leader, look for someone with an attenuated dopamine function: someone who is never satisfied with the status quo, someone who wants the feeling of success more than others — but likes it less."

High self-monitors are sensitive to social situations and how other people want them to act, and are more prone to developing an addiction. They want to fit in so badly.

A psychiatrist who diagnoses mental illness, and sometimes demonic possession

20% of employers in the U.S. now offer empathy training for managers

Diverse countries are more expressive - they have a greater need for nonverbal cues to understand each other

My top five strengths: Humor, judgment, fairness, curiosity, creativity.
My bottom five strengths: spirituality, love, zest, humility, social intelligence

"Now, freedom is always coming in the hereafter but, you know what, though, the hereafter is a hustle. We want it now. And let’s get a couple of things straight here, just a little sidenote. The burden of the brutalized is not to comfort the bystander. That’s not our job. All right, stop with all that. If you have a critique for the resistance, for our resistance, then you better have an established record of critique of our oppression. If you have no interest in equal rights for black people, then do not make suggestions to those who do. Sit down."

"I speak Spanish to God, Italian to women, French to men, and German to my horse." -Charles V

"A divorce is like a symphony with a screeching sound at the end - the fact that it ended badly does not mean that it was all bad." -Daniel Kahneman in Thinking Fast and Slow

Duration neglect is the tendency to give good and bad aspects of experience equal weight, even when the good part lasted 10 times longer than the bad part

Duration of pleasure doesn't seem to matter. What matters is intensity.
-From Thinking Fast and Slow

"American women spend 19% of their time in an unpleasant state compared to 16% of French women and 14% of Danish women. There is a striking inequality in the distribution of emotional pain. About half of participants reported going through an entire day without experiencing an unpleasant episode...It appears a small fraction of the population does most of the suffering." -Daniel Kahneman in Thinking Fast and Slow

In Colorado it's against the law to ride a horse under the influence

Teams fail because they are looking too much inward and not enough outward

The number of gas stations fell by a third between 2004 and 2014 to just 39 in Manhattan. Nationwide gas stations dropped by 25%. 20% of new cars sold in Norway are electric.

"Life is short. False. It's the longest thing you do." -Dwight Schrute from the office

I tried to warn people. But did they listen? No. They never listen.

Doubt is a good thing because it slows down decisions

Ruin your search history "am I lack toast and tolerant?"

Turnover hurts group performance initially and then performance recovers

Ancient Greeks actually built a computer??

English is the 33rd weirdest language out of 239

Platinum rule: treat others as they want to be treated

Trouble with navigation is the earliest sign of Alzheimers. Oh geez

System 1 is more influential, guiding and steering System 2 to a very large extent

Colorado has the same GDP as Eygpt, CA the same as France, NY the same as Canada

Period. Full Stop. Point. Whatever It’s Called, It’s Going Out of Style

"It's all 'What the shit the fuck you are!' and the boys are even worse"

I sat next to this guy at Subway. I remember his game-winning catch that broke my heart as a kid.

Americans search "Is my son gifted" twice as much as "Is my daughter gifted". Fathers spend 40 more minutes per day with sons than daughters. Couples are less likely to divorce if their firstborn is a boy rather than a girl.

Couples are 76-95% more likely to get divorced if one of them smokes, and the amount increases if the wife is the one with the habit.

Each liter of alcohol consumed raises the chance of divorce by 20%. The average American consumes 9.4 liters of alcohol per year, raising their divorce likelihood 188%

An industry helps Chinese students cheat their way through U.S. colleges

Unilever's CEO Paul Polman stopped reporting quarterly earnings to allow the company and its investors to focus on long-term value

Last fall a park in Colorado closed because too many people were trying to take selfies with bears.

"we propose a negative, serially mediated association between higher parental income and lower future leader effectiveness via high levels of narcissism and, in turn, reduced engagement in behaviors that are viewed as central to the leadership role. "

Sorry Rasheed, the ball does lie

More women on the board means fewer mergers and acquisitions

65% of men age 65+ say they are completely masculine, but only 30% of men aged 18-29 say they are completely masculine

Attractive people earn about 20 percent more than average attractiveness people

“For women, most of the attractiveness advantage comes from being well groomed. For men, only about half of the effect of attractiveness is due to grooming."

Chills man, chills

Want to be more inspirational? Get some sleep

Budweiser changed the name of its beer to "America" for a few months (and Trump took credit for it) #peak trump

"It's all any of us wants, to find a nice person to hang out with until we drop dead." -Lorelai Gilmore

adrians: I had three stitches in my ear today and now my ear is swollen like a balloon
a-creepy-weirdo-has: I'm not being racist but if you didn't want your ear to swell up you probably shouldn't have gotten stitches.
adrians: How is that racist
burritwo: They just said they weren't being racist do you even listen
the-lost-doctor: I'm not gay but I really think cats deserve a chance to be in the olympics
chandra75: this conversation is the exact reason I quit drugs

lurkerpl: please stop adding "there are two kinds of people" and "that escalated quickly" to text posts
mr-egbutt: there are two kinds of rapid escalation
horussebooks: well that peopled twicely

High potential woman executives are getting paid more than high potential male executives, especially in consumer goods and service industries

28 years of stock market data shows a link between employee satisfaction and long-term value, even though stock prices drop when companies announce pay raises for employees, but four years later the stock price more than recovers because of increased employee satisfaction.

If people feel threatened about their culture (i.e. I'm a Canadian and feel like you're mocking Canadians) then they think about death. It literally makes them feel like they are dying. So immigrants make people afraid they are going to die. 

Do people conceal their nature as animals from themselves with religion, culture, clothes, and beer to avoid thinking about their mortality?

When people are thinking about death, they become more likely to vote for Trump.

In China, debt has ballooned to 280 percent of GDP, from 135% in 2009. It now takes 4 yuan of debt to generate 1 yuan of economic growth. Up from 1 to 1 in 2008.

"I sometimes think that the whole renminbi/yuan issue is a sinister plot by the Chinese designed specifically to deter people from discussing Chinese currency policy" -Paul Krugman, Nobel-winning economist

Women will compete if the goal is something they actually care about: the benefit of their children

"Use an oblique rotation if the factors are correlated; use an orthogonal rotation if the factors are independent" -Phoenix Van Wagoner

"Legendary fight with Shia Labeouf, Normal Tuesday night for Shia Labeouf."

"Children tend to live with more segregation than the population at large." 

"The gender wage gap is smallest not in the least competitive jobs, but in the jobs with the most flexibility"

If companies switch from paying cash to paying in vouchers that can only be used to buy things for one's children, then women employees will increase motivation to compete for high-paying jobs and men will decrease motivation to compete for high-paying jobs (30% of both men and women will choose to compete when rewards can only be spent on children, whereas 35% of men and 25% of women will compete when the reward is cash).

Behaving justly increases subordinate trust in white managers but DECREASES subordinate trust in nonwhite managers (because justice is expected and so it allows people to view minority leaders in abstract terms, which then allows them to express the 'nonwhites are dishonest' stereotype).

Kids with low self-control, and those who value a small prize today over a larger prize later are much more likely to be convicted in court as adults

Every dollar spent on refugees increases economic income in the local area by two dollars.

Like most personality disorders, histrionic personality disorder typically will decrease in intensity with age, with many people experiencing few of the most extreme symptoms by the time they are in their 40s or 50s.

Cool song

Another good one

Women on boards is a good thing,  "companies with the most women on their boards of directors significantly and consistently outperform those with no female representation: by 41 percent in terms of return on equity and by 56 percent in terms of operating results. "

Humble leadership works for the Golden State Warriors, "“I’m a professional listener,” he told me. “There’s a lot of smart people in the world, you know. I’m not the smartest. I’m just an integrator. The N.B.A. isn’t like the outside world. I can do whatever I want. But you don’t treat people that way.”  -Joe Lacob, owner of GSW

Smoking is not allowed anywhere in Austin, TX

Why do we assume people in powerful positions are white men?
Time will not solve the gender and race leadership gap. Action will.

"If you want people to be generous you don't need to offer incentives. You need to take away disincentives. That means no more forced grading curves or forced rankings of employees. It means defining success in terms of contributions to others, not only individual achievements." Prof Adam Grant

Founder of Chinese online retail giant Alibaba banned his first employees from living more than 15 minutes from work.

U.S. Workforce:
65 million white men
55 million white women
43.7 nonwhite men and women

In 2014 29.9% of men and 30.2% of women had graduated college, according to the US census bureau.

"I was under medication when I made the decision to burn the tapes.'' —President Richard Nixon

"When the President does it, that means it's not illegal." —President Richard Nixon, in a 1977 interview with David Frost

"You don't know how to lie. If you can't lie, you'll never go anywhere." —President Richard Nixon, giving advice to a political associate

"I was not lying. I said things that later on seemed to be untrue." — President Richard Nixon, reflecting on the Watergate scandal in 1978

"Let me make one thing perfectly clear. I wouldn't want to wake up next to a lady pipefitter." –President Richard Nixon, quoted in Ms. Magazine in 1971

Best write-up of my work ever. “Some might argue that adding a second minority or woman candidate to the finalist pool is a type of affirmative action or reverse discrimination against white men,” Johnson, Hekman, and Chan write, somehow restraining themselves from inserting the word “assholes” in between “some” and “might.”

The national mammal is the bison. SKO BUFFS


"Empathy is an inherently generative space" - some consultants leading a design thinking workshop I attended

If you wish yourself and others to be happy, content, and at ease (loving kindness meditation) every day for 9 weeks, you will be happier and healthier.

"When people are under stress, they look to powerful leaders who feed their fears." -Russell Cropanzano

"We stand with Tonto" - some bumper sticker

"The great work of our time is saving the earth. Saving Creation." -Geologian Thomas Berry

"She has the same half smile and expression the whole day. I've never seen that before." -Josh Anderson

Dean's Leadership Forum students want more student interaction, presentation not a paper, dinner earlier in the semester, take-away of the day, read a book like the Aeneid, and have the upperclass leaders come in and share.

Eight different professors declined to write a letter for a difficult tenure case that was ultimately unsuccessful. Here are their excuses for not writing "no time" "I have editorial duties" "no familiarity with the candidate" "I'm swamped" "I have new responsibilities" "I have family health issues" "I have a new job" "I'm not qualified"

"Affective Events Theory basically says that events lead to affect which leads to attitudes." - Russell Cropanzano

Benjamin Radcliff has a book on life satisfaction and concludes that people living in a welfare state are happiest, both the rich and poor people are happiest in a welfare state.

The doctrine of Hayek is that welfare state pushes us apart, but Bismark gave everyone state pensions and it unified the country. And the Reagan cutbacks led to more regionalism.

Students who complain about wanting to get an A instead of an A- are basically saying that the teacher is a wonderful grader 90% of the time, and a terrible grader 10% of the time. It's a tough case to argue.

CU has a female mascot. Ralphie the buffalo is female

Midwestern casualness is why we refer to the University of Colorado as CU. The same applies at Kansas-KU, Missouri-MU, Nebraska-NU and Oklahoma-OU.

Diversity when combined with shared leadership leads to information sharing and better team performance

Diversity without affect-based trust actually hurts team innovation

Addictive personality might be designed for leadership

UCLA grads leave college with about 30 percent less debt than Penn State grads and earn about 30 percent more when they graduate, even though they are both prestigious state schools.

Two-thirds of University of Phoenix students fail to pay any of their student loans back.

What do Auden, Sartre and Ayn Rand have in common? Adderall/Meth

"Fathers who are union members have children who earn at least 15 percent more than those who are not in union families...supporting unions not only helps workers but also helps their children and communities as well."

Are college lectures unfair? "Students over all perform better in active-learning courses than in traditional lecture courses. However, women, minorities, and low-income and first-generation students benefit more, on average, than white males from more affluent, educated families."

Ways to network at a party, WSJ

Ivy Leaguers in their 20s make even more money than you thought

Doctors finally know What Your Blood Pressure Should Be (systolic below 120)

70 million Americans are poor sleepers which puts them at risk for heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure and shorter life expectancy

Boulder now boasts the largest number of phds in the nation at 8.2 percent

Average family income:
White: $60,000
Asian: $74,000
Hispanic: $42,500
Black: $35,400


“And then it dawned on me: For them the arena, and then the parking lot, had become their own safe spaces, where these people, who had long been reined in by changing societal expectations and especially the heavy burden of political correctness, felt they were finally free of the ridiculous expectations of overly sensitive liberals.”

Public Service Announcement: Tom Brady is a Trump supporter. 

"So far the healthy eating movement has mostly changed the eating habits of wealthier Americans" Because they are the only ones who can afford it.

"But what I have instead is the chance to make the choice to love someone, and the hope that he will choose to love me back, and it is terrifying, but that's the deal with love."

"It's a lot of seeing people you are supposed to remember." -Jill describing a social event

"Pre-crastination is the inclination of completing tasks quickly just for the sake of getting things done sooner rather than later."

"The three most harmful addictions are heroin, carbohydrates, and a monthly salary." -Nassim Taleb

Pascal's triangle is amazing


"We don't do big things anymore. With exceptions of Elon Musk, Google and Amazon. Leaders tend to foster divisiveness vs collective goals. In leadership there are calls for, but lack of action to promote individual initiative and responsibility. There is a record low trust in leadership, even when people tend to trust the industry. There is also low trust in institutions like science. Good leadership topics to study are collective leadership and creative leadership. We need to kill authentic leadership next.  We also need to study the leader as "sensemaker in chief" and we need to know what does and does not work for leader development." -Duke Prof. Sim Sitkin

"At MIT, students hate the word leadership because they associate it with people who are power hungry. We want to rename our leadership center the anti-leadership leadership center." -MIT Prof Deborah Ancona who should rename it the Humble leadership center maybe

"Let's get down to the physics of the thing" -Elon Musk

"Leadership is an influence process to achieve a collective goal. So we need to start with the goal and work backward to determine what type of leadership we want." -Maryland Prof. Hui Liao

“UPS has more sensors on each truck than packages on each truck. Harris Casino is using video surveillance to track worker smiles. These hourly metrics might be able to replace performance reviews. 10% of Fortune 500 companies have gotten rid of performance reviews. Showing employees the results of their hourly behaviors decreased non-productive time, but didn’t increase productive time. People who are high on social comparison already know how they compare to their coworkers. People who are low on social comparison improved the most from seeing how they spent their time.  Also the people who had low support from their supervisors improved the most from seeing their transparent performance. Hourly metrics thus act as a substitute for leadership.” – Prof Ethan Bernstein

“What is the nature of the super-ego monitoring you? If God is now Google and not a religious God what is the nature of that God? Benevolent or not? Are people more productive with a benevolent God or a mean God?” –Ethan Bernstein

“Greater transparency in performance feedback demands MORE not less leadership because leaders need to explain what the flood of data means and how to improve in response to it.” – Ethan Bernstein

“Most of the voice literature is all about frequency of voice. But what about content of voice? We found that there are three types of voice content – importance, resources, and interdependencies. Moreover, voice motivated by organizational identification was more likely to be listened to than voice motivated by professional identification.” –Ethan Burris

“There could be routinization of voice so managers get immune to it like ‘Oh here it comes again.’” – Michelle Duguid

“Minimal goals transform negatives to non-negatives. Maximal goals transform non-positives to positives. Goal-setting theory is focused on minimal goals. But it seems the best for motivation is to have very difficult minimal goals. Half of people have both maximal and minimal goals and those people tend to be prevention focused. One-quarter of people tend to have maximal goals only and those tend to be promotion focused.” – Prof. Steffen Giessner

“Prospect theory has both dimension sensitivity and loss aversion dimensions.” –Drew Carton

“96% of leaders are burned out (Byrne et al., 2014; Gallup 2013)” Prof. Klodiana Lanaj

“The meta-analytic correlation between physical attractiveness and leader emergence is .27.  This effect is the same for men and women, even though the effect is stronger when men are the raters (r = .43) versus women (r = .15)” – Prof. Stephen Courtright

“The main occupations for abusive supervision are college athletic coach (pay is not an option), haute cuisine (if junior chefs don’t work for a full year they don't get a letter of rec, and junior chefs often get fired after 364 days), surgery (no mistakes), law firms (partners abuse associates), investment banking (outcome matters a lot). These contexts are also our most popular TV shows. It’s like we enjoy watching the negativity. We like the drama.” – New Directions in Leadership Conference attendees

“Since the Ohio State studies, leadership measures have conflated leader behaviors with leader outcomes.” –Ben Tepper

“Can we teach leadership? Yes! If we simply disabuse our students of the notion that hostility is a good way of getting things done. There may be a positive and a negative pathway of leader hostility on organizational outcomes, but the negative pathway swamps the positive one.” –Ohio State Prof. Ben Tepper

“You should do a draw play when you talk about race and gender bias. Start by asking people for evidence supporting the idea that white men are discriminated against. Be on their side. Be their allies. Then turn the tables and say it turns out the data doesn’t support this idea. That way you are on the audience’s side. And then they can change once they see the data.” –Duke Prof. Sim Sitkin

“And the jeopardy theme song is almost done in my head.” –Wharton Prof. Drew Carton after waiting in silence for half a minute waiting for someone to talk

“If you want a student to stop talking, walk toward them slowly.” –Wharton Prof. Katherine Klein

Societies plagued by infectious diseases tend to be more collectivistic and xenophobic, whereas low rates of infection make people more open to outsiders and extravert.

Latent toxoplasmosis tends to increase guilt, vigilance and distrust, at least among men (Flegr et al. 1996; Flegr 2007; Lindova et al. 2006). toxoplasma seroprevalence is also associated with a strong focus on competition and personal achievement, at the expense of concern for others. Infection is linked to reduced conscientiousness, morality, and rule-conscious behavior among males (which are in most societies disproportionately active in public life and business) (Flegr and Hrdy 1994; Flegr et al. 1996; Webster 2001).

The finding that some personality effects appear to be opposite for men and women also suggests that infection drives behavior rather than vice versa (Webster 2001). Finally, studies have shown that medication suppressing toxoplasma infection reduces the behavioral effects as well (Torrey and Yolken 2003; Webster et al. 2006).

"Autistic kids are only happy to the extent they can shut out or control or memorize how to respond to the imperfect external environment. Otherwise the outside world causes them tremendous pain. Peer relationships are toughest for autistic kids because peers are the least predictable. Older and younger people are much more predictable and therefore autistic kids prefer to interact with non-peers." -Some behavioral therapist I sat next to on a plane

"What is the business case for homogeneity? Why don't people have to explain why they want another white male leader?" - May Snowden

"Procter and Gamble and many major corporations rotate all rising star execs through D&I for 18 months (they have to manage D&I). They are just doing their time. Nothing changes. People are confused about what the role of head of D&I should be. Are they supposed to increase productivity? Diversity should always be linked to engagement and the bottom line. Millenials are highly engaged at starbucks. White men are more engaged at work on average. Diversity needs to be an organizational goal. Sometimes its an HR goal. Sometimes. But HR directors are often uncomfortable around diversity. People need to understand their own consciousness around difference and unity. Need to believe that the more people participate, the bigger the pie gets. CEOs have their buddies. Diversity makes them nervous. They don't like to get nervous. LGBTQ movement succeeded because they got companies to be supportive. They used the power of the purse. Also adoption, daughters, mixed marriage might encourage diversity." -May Snowden

"Greg Garland is P66 CEO and part of secret CEO group." –Trisha


Cool meeting software 

"Anger makes people feel energetic and empowered and risky so they nourish it. Resentment is high activation, high negative. People pay more attention to negative events and positive experiences. Sadness tends to persist. Pleasure persists because people take steps to lengthen it. Anger burns itself out quickly unless people artificially extend it because it feels good. Resentment is usually reserved for moral events. Jealousy results when someone takes something that is mine. Envy comes when people have something I don't. " - Russell

"The management division has the most pay dispersion." -Russell

one significant cost driver for tuition increase is a shift in majors from low-cost (generally liberal arts) to high-cost (STEM fields and business) programs.

"past research has demonstrated that interaction effects such as the ones central to our moderated mediation models are highly unlikely to result from common method biases (Siemsen, Roth, & Oliveira, 2010). "

“Love is born into every human being; it calls back the halves of our original nature together; it tries to make one out of two and heal the wound of human nature.”
― Plato, The Symposium

"Forsterling, Preikschas, and Agthe (2007) who found that attractiveness impacted ratings of men and women differently. Specifically, they found that women evaluating an attractive woman used a derogatory attribution (e.g., luck) but when they evaluated an unattractive woman they used a flattering attribution (e.g., ability). They followed an opposite pattern when evaluating men."

Israel actually means "God wrestler"

Self-esteem comes from social relationships, physical appearance, and work. The problem with it is that it deserts you precisely at the moment you need it (after failure).

"Talk like ted" speaking tips -
be personal - people care about the messenger more than the message
Make people want to root for you
Be funny

Academic definitions of wisdom describe it as openness, humor, comfort with uncertainty, and emotional stability (Bangen, Meeks, & Jeste, 2013).

Whereas traditional forms of capital such as social or human capital focus on who individuals know and what they have, psychological capital represents what an individual feels he or she "can become" (Avolio & Luthans, 2006).

People who are focused on unmitigated communion have high motivation to serve others but little drive to help oneself and may engage in unhealthy behaviors (Helgeson, 1994), struggle with cooperation, and lack drive for self-development and accomplishment (Abele & Wojciszke, 2007),

Diversity is curvilinearly related to economic development. "(i) increasing the diversity of the most homogeneous country in the sample (Bolivia) by 1 percentage point would raise its income per capita in the year 2000 CE by 39%, (ii) decreasing the diversity of the most diverse country in the sample (Ethiopia) by 1 percentage point would raise its income per capita by 21%…"

only two percent of women-owned firms generate more than one million dollars annually.

Diversity leads to more conflict and more innovation at the country level.

Theory/Data paper with Jeff/JJ
Diversity -> CO2 reduction
Positive mod by social welfare logics
Positive mod by family interdependence
Negative mod by Econ logic
Positive mod by entrepreneur entry
Need panel data and instruments
Next let's write a one pager. :)

"Anger is a parasite that hides in your head and makes you feel it's rational. It blinds you to the fact that you are an angry person." -Russell Cropanzano

The mediator for the status quo study is basically fear of hiring someone just because they are black/female - Stefanie's idea 4-27-16

"For monks the way the universe and beyond is built is our values. That type of commitment is very rare in the U.S. Values to most Americans are simply preferences -- which are very superficial" -Russell Cropanzano

"There's 300 male benedictine monasteries (8000 monks) and 840 female benedictine monasteries (16000 nuns). Their motto is work, pray, study. Deductive category development (Mayring, 2000)." -

Diversity should lead to clearer promotion policies, more objective job performance criteria (to be sure bias is eliminated), more inclusiveness which should lead to more engagement, and more flexibility (to accomodate diverse needs of workforce).

"Having diverse, inclusive organizations is good for business, says Kropp, citing CEB research from 2013 that found "working in a diverse team" is among the top five most-important drivers of employee engagement and discretionary effort in the workplace. It also found that companies with diverse leaders generate twice the revenue and growth as those without, and that employees in such organizations are 19 percent more likely to stay longer and collaborate up to 57 percent more effectively with peers. Diversity and inclusion is also a bigger priority for executive boards these days: Nearly 60 percent of organizations share D&I data with their boards, compared to 10 years before, when none of them did, according to CEB's study, titled Creating Competitive Advantage Through Workforce Diversity."

Diversity should lead to clearer promotion policies, more objective job performance criteria (to be sure bias is eliminated), more inclusiveness which should lead to more engagement, and more flexibility (to accomodate diverse needs of workforce).

Women's tennis professionals have greater name reconition and popularity going for them -- especially in the United States - but they get fewer endorsements

Professional sports all diversified around 1946 (after WWII).

Controversy around Adam Grant

Hedi Slimane is the Steve Jobs of fashion - Sales revenues at YSL doubled in Slimane's first three years on the job.

You can either look like a woman or look like a scientist, not both. Feminine women deemed less likely to be scientists

Intelligent people are more attractive and taller than less intelligent people

"I love fat oppossums because it looks like someone literally just inflated them with a bike pump a lil bit"

"Shut up! So that you can hear my essential oil diffuser." white woman in Boulder

"I always drank coffee out of jars, but I just recently started drinking water out of jars, and it’s like, the best thing ever." -white woman, in Boulder
#what a time to be alive
#the best thing
#water out of jars is

"When you see an attractive homeless person, that really makes you think. That means they were unable to get by on just their looks." -white women, in Denver, at a concert
#what could possibly have led them to this
#if an attractive person can't make it in this world
#what hope is there for the rest of us
#i guess we'll just have to survive on our wits
#and our ninja skills
#that's all there is for us
#things that make you think
#think think think
#winnie the pooh

My sophomore spanish teacher loved this song
"There's three things GAP employees care about -- pay, career mobility and job flexiblity. Underpaying people is just borrowing problems from the future. It will catch up with you eventually. The trick is getting people out of the stores and into corporate. People in the stores are closest to the customers and are the most innovative." - Chief HR officer Dan Briskin at the White House briefing on Corporate Sector Diversity

"Sodexo did a big internal study and 42 percent of our teams are not gender balanced (had less than 40% women) but the gender balanced teams had 4% more engagement, 5% more brand recognition, and 23% higher profits." - Dr. Rohini Anand, Sodexo Inc

Staples hires 45,000 people per year

Results Only Work Environment (ROWE) was designed for women to give them more flexibility at work, but everyone loves it.

"Go where the energy is"

"There's a $430,000 pay gap for women over their careers, $900,000 pay gap for African-American women, and $1,000,000 pay gap for Latinas. Pay disparity is always the result of an ingrained practice within organizations. Organizations value male experience more than female experience. Military service means leadership experience, but being a waiter at a restaurant doesn't count as customer service. Blind auditions plus not being able to lobby for preferred candidates increased female job hires in a large sector of the government by 93%" -Jenny Yang, head of the EEOC

"Get the private sector to talk to the private sector about the White House diversity initiatives. Get Intel to talk to other businesses about why they think diversity is important." -

"The wage gap has remained but the excuses have changed. It used to be that women had less education than men, but now that women have exceeded men in education, the excuse is that women are applying for female jobs (i.e. "occupational segregation"). And the only reason the wage gap narrowed recently isn't because women got paid more, it's because white men got paid less as a result of the recession." -Some smart person at the White House roundtable discussion on equal pay

The girl scouts offer a negotiation badge

Boston is training 85,000 women to negotiate

"A key to getting gender pay equality is to not allow employers to ask about previous pay history." -Prof. Linda Babcock at the White House

"He who works with his hands is a laborer. He who works with his hands and head is a craftsman. He who works with his hands and his head and his heart is an artist." -St. Francis of Assisi

"Some of the neurotypical partners say that when they were going through a vulnerable time in their lives, the strong, quiet, gentle, highly intelligent and loyal presence of the Autism Spectrum partner provided a sense of emotional security."

In the 2016 Financial Times MBA rankings, only two of the top 25 schools have female deans. 36 percent of marketing and management faculty are women, but just 22 percent of finance, operations and econ faculty are women.

The smarter you are, the less likely you are to lie

However, the more creative you are the more likely you are to lie

Weird ideas for managing creativity - basically creative places are really annoying and inefficient places to work.

In shocking move, club of wealthy, white Harvard men breaks decades of silence to come out in favor of the status quo

When leaders clash with culture, companies perform better. The job of a leader is to bring something new and needed to the table. If you have a task focused culture, hire a relational leader to maximize performance. If you have a relational culture, hire a task-focused leader.

"Berkeley got more women to take a coding class by changing the name from 'design of coding' to 'beauty and design of coding'". - Some Haas Berkeley prof.

Google finds "shrinkers" - words that make you look bad  - in your email.

This fast food chain has super low turnover, is super fast and super accurate. “People ask me, ‘What if you spend all this time and money on training and someone leaves?’” Crosby says. “I ask them, ‘What if we don’t spend the time and money, and they stay?’”

Cook and Glass call this process the "savior effect" since, in the majority of cases, companies replace women and minorities with white men. In fact, women succeeded other women or minority CEOs in only four of the 608 transitions over a 15-year period, according to the researchers.

There's an optimal amount of team diversity. Diversity benefits decay because people homogenize, and because diverse teams are fragile. These problems are overcome if you have redundant homogenity (each diverse person has a clone).

"Homogenization occurs in part as a function of etiquette biases and the “group paradox,” i.e., the fact that people’s desires to connect with other group members reduces the likelihood that they will share their real opinions, especially when their opinions differ (Berg and Smith 1995, Bourdieu 1984, Burt 2007)."

The three main problems with group diversity are homogenization (i.e. groupthink or people hiding differences), fragility (i.e. people quitting), and fragmentation (i.e. subgroups and faultlines developing).

"Although conflict has been a major focus of diversity research, we view it as an important mechanism that both causes and results from the three basic failures. For instance, interpersonal conflict often leads to individual exit and turnover, and conflict is also a frequent by-product and/or cause of fragmentation. In addition, a desire to avoid conflict encourages homogenization; even when A and B disagree, A may opt to remain silent or feign agreement"

“I left the woods for as good a reason as I went there. Perhaps it seemed to me that I had several more lives to live, and could not spare any more time for that one.” ― Henry David Thoreau

One of the biggest questions remaining is what will happen when the Obama administration’s new equal-pay rules go into effect in 2017?  These rules will require companies with more than 100 employees to report their employees’ compensation, broken down by race, ethnicity, and gender, to the federal government.

For companies that decide to make salaries public, internal efforts to close the gender gap aren’t far off.

One study found that while men’s earnings increase by 6 percent when they have children, women with children saw their earnings decrease by 4 percent for each child.

Women who never married earn 94 percent of their male counterparts, while married women earn only 78 percent.

"Human beings are messy, multidimensional creatures, living in a messy ever-changing world. There is nothing wrong with making a plan, but there is something wrong with doing everything as a part of a plan that fits in with a vision of who you already are and where you were going. Making a point of breaking out of your limited perspective everyday, with trained spontaneity, you are training yourself to see your life as a constant flow of possibilities, more importantly, you remember what you do with the possibilities. We should think of ourselves as a project, through experiences, we can train ourselves to construct a self better than the self we thought we were."

"This conversation's already too long. Bye" - Kourtney Kardashian ending a phone call

"Style is knowing who you are, what you want to say and not giving a damn." -Gore Vidal

"The data suggest that online dating has almost as much a pattern of same-race preference as offline dating, which is surprising because the online world doesn't have the same racial segregation constraints of the offline world."

Excruciate means "the pain of being crucified"

Adding the words "salary negotiable" to a job description helped significantly close the negotiation gap between men and women.

Blind job auditions lead to 58% women, 42% men candidates hired.

The gender wage gap has only closed by 1.7 percentage points over the last decade, compared to 3.1 points the decade before and 9.7 the decade before that.

In the Hawk-Dove prisoner's dillemma game, disadvantaged players tend to cooperate with each other, but advantaged players tend to compete with everyone

"One of the symptoms of an approaching nervous breakdown is the belief that one's work is terribly important." - Bertrand Russell
Subordinate ratings might be most accurate ratings of leaders

13 Questions to Ask Before Getting Married

In the short term lazy ants are inefficient, but in the long term, they are not

"There's no I in denial" -redditor regretsZ

"I'll never forget my grandfather's last words before he kicked the bucket. He said, 'Son how far do you think I can kick this bucket?'" - redditor Rockatelli

"You don't need a parachute to go skydiving. You need a parachute to go skydiving twice." -redditor HighQualityUsername

"Who is this Rorshach guy and why did he paint so many pictures of my parents fighting?" -redditor elfstone08

"Exaggerations went up by 1 million percent last year." -redditor C_puffin

"Rocket league is a really fun game because you play soccer, but you are a car kicking the ball instead of a human." - my programmer brother Nate

John is the most common CEO name (5.3% of CEOs) followed by David (4.5% of CEOs). All women are just 4.1% of CEOs. So there's more CEOs named David than all women CEOs combined. I guess it's time to get outraged. 

More hilarious British words that must be used at once
Bog - bathroom, as in I have to go to the bog, so funny
Minging - ugly, gross, as in what a minging filth bucket.
Gobshite - bigmouth
Pants - lame, as in that move was simply pants
Bobbins - an even more fun version of pants - that movie was just total bobbins
Plonker - a lovable moron, like uncle Rico in Napoleon Dynamite
Numpty - like a dingus, or someone who's adorably foolish, like your crazy Uncle Wally

The new server can be accessed via Windows Remote Desktop with the following credentials:
Computer Name: B6
User name: ad\yourusernamehere

Restorative Justice involves perspective taking, empathic concern, control ideology, personal distress, and self-efficacy.

Elitists think I'm a more credible researcher because I'm a white man; egalitarians not so much

Men are 83.4 percent of Fortune 500 board members.

Men are 85.8 percent of S &P 500 executives.

"For women of color, this gap is even wider. Fewer than 3% of board directors at Fortune 500 companies are Asian, black, and Hispanic women, according to the Catalyst report. These minority groups of women make up 17% of workers in S&P 500 companies but fewer than 4% of executive officials and managers."

Kulik, C. T. & Metz, I. (2015). Women at the top: Will more women in senior roles impact organizational outcomes? In S. Jackson & M. Hitt (Eds.), Oxford Research Reviews. Oxford: Oxford University Press. (available online at http://www.oxfordhandbooks.com/view/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199935406.001.0001/oxfordhb-9780199935406-e-7 ) [included in the Women's Leadership Center at Kennesaw State University’s “best of 2015” list, available at http://coles.kennesaw.edu/coles-overview/centers-and-institutes/womens-leadership-center/research.php ]

Being treated consistently unfairly can be better for employees than being treated fairly sometimes and unfairly other times

28 Years of Stock Market Data Shows a Link Between Employee Satisfaction and Long-Term Value. Companies listed in the “100 Best Companies to Work For in America” generated 2.3% to 3.8% higher stock returns per year than their peers from 1984 through 2011.

If you are a low-level female employee, you will tend to be paid more equally to your male coworkers if your boss is female.

Leaders who express positive affect tend to create psychologically safe environments, which leads to more voice expressed by followers

Employees who do more helping also do more deviance

Culture of love seems to make firefighters safer

In cultures that believe diversity is beneficial, diversity tends to be beneficial

Organizational stories about low-level organizational characters engaging in values-upholding behaviors are more positively associated with self-transcendent, helping behaviors and negatively associated with deviant behaviors, than are similar stories about high-level members of the organization.

Resesearchers are measuring leader charisma with behavior items
"We measured charismatic leadership with the combination of two subscales – idealized influence and inspirational motivation – from the Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire (MLQ Form 5X; Bass & Avolio, 1995). Idealized influence was measured with four items that emphasized the leader’s behavior (rather than followers’ attributions) such as fostering collective identities or serving as role models (e.g. “…emphasizes the importance of having a collective sense of mission”). Inspirational motivation was measured with four items that described leader’s behaviors such as challenging followers with high standards or communicating optimism about future goal attainment (e.g. “…articulates a compelling vision of the future”). Unit leaders’ charismatic leader behaviors were rated by the superior to whom the unit leaders reported using a five-point Likert scale ranging from 1 for “never” to 5 for “always”. "

Our results suggest that work relationships play a key role in promoting employee flourishing, and that examining the differential effects of a taxonomy of relationship functions brings precision to our understand of how relationships impact individual flourishing. Results revealed unique associations between functions and outcomes, such that task assistance was most strongly associated with job satisfaction, giving to others was most strongly associated with meaningful work, friendship was most strongly associated with positive emotions at work, and personal growth was most strongly associated with life satisfaction.

This woman seems to poison most of her husbands (all but the first one), and she just got released from prison

Gender wage gap is lower in unionized companies

Countries that eat more chocolate produce more Nobel prize winners

Dipboye, R. L., Arvey, R. D., & Terpstra, D. E. (1977). Sex and physical attractiveness of raters and applicants as determinants of resumé evaluations. Journal of Applied Psychology, 62(3), 288.

nonwhite job applicants who include experiences related to their ethnicity on their resumes are more likely to be passed over for jobs.

Roughly 85% of corporate executives and board members are white men. This number hasn’t budged for decades, which suggests that white men are continuing to select and promote other white men.

People tend to forget about cost when it comes to buying things for love. "people nearly always chose the more expensive ring when deciding between a more expensive ring with a bigger carat and a less expensive ring with a smaller carat"

Funny British/Kiwi sayings
Tiki tour - driving around with no destination
Couple hundge - shortened version of hundred
Telly - TV
Go bathroom